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Coins of ancient Sasanian

'Ubayd Allah ibn Zayd

[zayd]
AR Dirhem (679 AD)
Album 12reverse

'Umar al-'Ala

[umar]
AR Dirhem (773 AD)

 



'Abd Allah ibn 'Amir
AR Drachm
Mint: DP
Date: Frozen Year "43" = c. 50-53 AH (c. 670-673 AD)
28 mm.
2.82 gm.
SICA I -
Diameter of obverse dotted border=24 mm.; diameter of reverse border=21 mm.
Die position=3h
Obverse: Bust right, Pahlavi legend; bism Allah in margin. Triple pellets on either side of star and crescent at 6h. E3, B0, RAO=crescent.
Reverse: Attendants' hands=RR. Pellet at 5:30h.
Note: Holed; clipped.

Ziyad ibn Abi Sufyan 665 - 674 AD [AH 45 - 55])


Ziyad b. Abi Sufyan
AR Drachm
Mint: DAP
Date: Frozen Year "43" = c. 50-53 AH (c. 670-673 AD)
31 mm.
3.77 gm.
Album 8 type; SICA Vol. I, 267
Diameter of obverse dotted border=23 mm.; diameter of reverse border=21 mm.
Die position=3h
Obverse: Triple pellets on either side of star and crescent at 6h; pellet above star at 3h, 6h and 9h. Pahlavi legend, bism Allah in margin; E3, B0, RAO=crescent.
Reverse: Mint name to right (DAP=Fasa); frozen year 43 to left. Pellet at 9:30h. Attendants' hands=RR.


Anonymous Khusro II type
AR Drachm
Mint: MY
Date: AH 48 (668/69 AD)
27 mm.
2.53 gm. (clipped)
Album 5
Diameter of obverse dotted border=23 mm.; diameter of reverse border=23 mm.
Die position=3h
Obverse: Pahlavi legend; bism Allah rabbi in margin; E0, B0.
Reverse: Mint name to right (MY), pellet before; year 48 to left. Attendants' hands=LR
Note: These are identified as issues of Ziyad ibn Abi Sufyan, as governor of al-Basra, before he was granted the governorship of al-Kufa.

Samura ibn Jundab(circa 671 - 672 AD [AH 52 - 53]) frozen year 43 only

'Ubayd Allah b. Ziyad (674 - 683 AD [AH 55 - 64])


'Ubayd Allah b. Ziyad
AR Drachm
Mint: SK
Date: 56 AH (675/76 AD)
32 mm.
3.58 gm.
SICA I 365
Diameter of obverse dotted border=23 mm.; diameter of reverse border=24 mm.
Die position=3h
Obverse: Bust right, Pahlavi legend; bism Allah in margin. Three pellets. E0, B0, no crescent.
Reverse: Attendants' hands=RR.
Note: Two holes.


'Ubayd Allah b. Ziyad
AR Drachm
Mint: DA
Date: YE 46 (677/78 AD)
30 x 28 mm.
3.30 gm.
Album 12; SICA Vol. I, 248
Diameter of obverse dotted border=22 mm.; diameter of reverse border=20 mm.
Die position=3h
Obverse: Triple pellets on either side of star and crescent at 6h; pellet above star at 3h, 6h and 9h. Pahlavi legend, bism Allah in margin; E0, B0, RAO=crescent.
Reverse: Mint name to right (DA=Darabgird); year 46 to left. Attendants' hands=RR; star and crescent reversed (CS).


'Ubayd Allah b. Ziyad
AR Drachm
Mint: BCRA
Date: 59 AH (678/79 AD)
29 x 28 mm.
2.56 gm. [clipped]
Album 12 type; SICA Vol. I, 58
Diameter of obverse dotted border=22 mm.; diameter of reverse border=22 mm.
Die position=3h
Obverse: Pahlavi legend, bism Allah in margin, pellet before, four pellets following; E0, B0, RAO=crescent.
Reverse: Mint name to right (BCRA=Basra), pellet before; year 59 to left. Attendants' hands=RR.


'Ubayd Allah ibn Ziyad
AR Drachm
Mint: BCRA
Date: AH 59 (678/79 AD)
33 x 32 mm.
3.90 gm.
Album 12; SICA Vol. I, 58
Diameter of obverse dotted border=22 mm.; diameter of reverse border=22 mm.
Die position=9h
Obverse: Pahlavi legend, bism Allah in margin, pellet before, four pellets following; E0, B0, RAO=crescent.
Reverse: Mint name to right (BCRA=Basra) with pellet before first letter; year 59 to left. Attendants' hands=RR; star and crescent normal.


'Ubayd Allah b. Ziyad
AR Drachm
Mint: BCRA
Date: 60 AH (679/80 AD)
32 mm.
3.77 gm.
Album 12 type; SICA Vol. I, 63
Diameter of obverse dotted border=22 mm.; diameter of reverse border=22 mm.
Die position=3h
Obverse: Pahlavi legend, bism Allah in margin, pellet before, four pellets following; E0, B0, RAO=crescent.
Reverse: Mint name to right (BCRA=Basra), pellet before; year 60 to left. Attendants' hands=RR.


'Ubayd Allah ibn Ziyad
AR Drachm
Mint: BCRA
Date: AH 60 (679/80 AD)
32 x 31 mm.
3.57 gm.
Album 12; SICA Vol. I, 63
Diameter of obverse dotted border=22 mm.; diameter of reverse border=21 mm.
Die position=3h
Obverse: Pahlavi legend, bism Allah in margin, pellet before, four pellets following; E0, B0, RAO=crescent.
Reverse: Mint name to right (BCRA=Basra) with pellet before first letter; year 60 to left. Attendants' hands=RR; star and crescent normal.


'Ubayd Allah ibn Ziyad
AR Drachm
Mint: BCRA
Date: AH 60 (679/80 AD)
33 x 32 mm.
4.02 gm.
Album 12
Diameter of obverse dotted border=22 mm.; diameter of reverse border=22 mm.
Die position=3h
Obverse: Bust right, breast ornament: Pellet in circle; bism Allah in margin, four pellets following.
Reverse: Mint name to right (BCRA=Basra) with pellet before first letter; year 60 to left.


'Ubayd Allah ibn Ziyad
AR Drachm
Mint: SYWN (?)
Date: AH 60 (679/80 AD)
23 mm.
1.92 gm. (clipped)
Album 12
Diameter of obverse dotted border=22 mm.; diameter of reverse border=23 mm.
Die position=4h
Obverse: Bust right; bism Allah in margin, four pellets following. E2, B6, RAO=pellet.
Reverse: Mint name to right (whatever it is) with pellet before first letter; year 60 to left. Attendants' hands=RR; star and crescent normal.
Note: See: S. Sears, page 180; he believes this is a mint in Khuzistan near al-Basra. Also, Album: an uncertain location in Southern Iraq (SICA Vol. I, 2002). This mint only known for this governor (but written also as SYWKW and SYWKAN).


'Ubayd Allah ibn Ziyad
AR Drachm
Mint: BH
Date: AH 60 (679/80 AD)
28 x 29 mm.
2.88 gm. (clipped)
Album 12; SICA Vol. I, -
Diameter of obverse dotted border=22 mm.; diameter of reverse border=22 mm.
Die position=3h
Obverse: Bust right; bism Allah in margin, four pellets following. E2, B6, no crescent in right field. Gobl Hunnen 11 type countermark in 1st quadrant.
Reverse: Attendants' hands=RR; star and crescent normal. 5 pellets: either side of the altar at the base of the flames, another pair under the ribbons, and one pellet on the base. Test scape in 2nd quadrant.
Note: For similar patterns of reverse pellets see: SICA 156-170 (BYSh), 475-478 (WYHC), and the mintless coins of 'Muhammad' 494-495 (also from a mint in proximity to Arrajan and Bishapur?)


'Ubayd Allah ibn Ziyad
AR Drachm
Mint: BCRA
Date: AH 61 (680/81 AD)
33 mm.
3.88 gm.
Album 12; SICA Vol. I, 83 type
Diameter of obverse dotted border=22 mm.; diameter of reverse border=23 mm.
Die position=3h
Obverse: Pahlavi legend, bism Allah in margin, four pellets following; E1, B6, RAO=n/a.
Reverse: Mint name to right (BCRA=Basra) with pellet before first letter; year 61 to left. Attendants' hands=RR; star and crescent normal. Attendant on left has no fillet.


'Ubayd Allah b. Ziyad
AR Drachm
Mint: GD
Date: 61 AH (680/81 AD)
28 x 27 mm.
2.83 gm. [clipped]
Album 12 type; SICA Vol. I, 292v.
Diameter of obverse dotted border=22 mm.; diameter of reverse border=22 mm.
Die position=3h
Obverse: Pahlavi legend, bism Allah in margin; triple pellets following. 'GM' monogram at 2h. E4v., B4v., RAO=crescent.
Reverse: Mint name to right (GD=Jayy); year 61 to left. Attendants' hands=RR.


'Ubayd Allah b. Ziyad
AR Drachm
Mint: DA+ShW+ShW
Date: YE 48 (679/80 AD)
32 x 31 mm.
4.07 gm.
Album 12 type; SICA Vol. I, 249
Diameter of obverse dotted border=21 mm.; diameter of reverse border=20 mm.
Die position=3h
Obverse: Triple pellets on either side of star and crescent at 6h; pellet above star at 3h, 6h and 9h. Pahlavi legend, bism Allah in margin; E0, B0, RAO=crescent.
Reverse: Mint name to right; ShW to either side of altar base (DA+ShW+ShW=Darabjird sub-mint); year 48 to left. Attendants' hands=RR. Star on right.


'Ubayd Allah ibn Ziyad
AR Drachm
Mint: DA+ShW+ShW
Date: 49 YE (680/81 AD)
31 x 32 mm.
4.10 gm.
Album 12; Walker -; Peus 363/Konsul Meyer 5540 type
Diameter of obverse dotted border=21 mm.; diameter of reverse border=22 mm.
Die position=9h
Obverse: Triple pellets on either side of star and crescent at 6h; pellet above star at 3h, 6h and 9h. Pahlavi legend; bism Allah in margin; breast ornament: three pellets.
Reverse: Mint name to right (DA=Darabgird); year 49 to left. Pahlavi 'ShW' to either side of the fire altar at bottom. Star on right, crescent on left of altar (reversed).
Note: See: S. Sears, page 124; ShW (or ShN) may indicate a sub-mint. On this issue, there was a paper presented at the first ANS Arab-Sasanian Conference (June 2001) by Alan DeShazo; I'm not sure if it has been published.


'Ubayd Allah ibn Ziyad
AR Drachm
Mint: GD
Date: AH 63 (682/83 AD)
34 mm.
3.15 gm.
Album 12; SICA Vol. I, 296v.
Diameter of obverse dotted border=22 mm.; diameter of reverse border=21 mm.
Die position=12h
Obverse: Bust right; bism Allah in margin, three pellets following. E0, B4, crescent in right field. "GM" monogram at 3h (lightly struck). Gobl Hunnen 7 countermark in 4th quadrant.
Reverse: Attendants' hands=RR; star and crescent normal. Pellet to right of altar. No test scape.

al-Harith ibn 'Abd Allah (683 - 684 AD [AH 64 - 65])

Umayyad Governors of Kirman

'Abd al-Rahman ibn Zayd (circa 672 - 674 AD [AH 52 - 54])

al-Hakam ibn Abi'l-'As (circa 675 - 677 AD [AH 56 - 58])
Coinage produced under Yazid I through Marwan I 680 - 685 AD [AH 60 - 65]

Umayyad Governors of Khurasan

Salm ibn Ziyad (circa 680 - 684 AD [AH 61 - 65])


Salm b. Ziyad
AR Drachm
Mint: MRW
Date: 63 AH (682/83 AD)
33 mm.
4.02 gm.
Album 18 type; SICA Vol. I, 333
Diameter of obverse dotted border=23 mm.; diameter of reverse border=24 mm.
Die position=3h
Obverse: Triple pellets on either side of star and crescent at 6h. Pahlavi legend, bism Allah in margin. E0, B0, RAO=none.
Reverse: Mint name to right (MRW=Marw); year 63 to left. Attendants' hands=RR.


Salm ibn Ziyad
AR Drachm
Mint: AYPTAK
Date: AH 64 (683/84 AD)
28 mm.
3.02 gm. (clipped)
Album 18v.
Diameter of obverse dotted border=23 mm.; diameter of reverse border=23 mm.
Die position=9h
Obverse: Triple pellets on either side of star and crescent at 6h. Pahlavi legend; bism Allah in margin; breast ornament: three pellets (Khusro II). Annulet to right of beard.
Reverse: Mint name to right (AYPTAK); year 64 to left.


Salm ibn Ziyad
AR Drachm
Mint: HRA
Date: AH 67 (686/87 AD)
31 x 32 mm.
3.31 gm.
Album 18; SICA Vol. I, 307v.
Diameter of obverse dotted border=22 mm.; diameter of reverse border=24 mm.
Die position=3h
Obverse: Bust right; bism Allah in margin, three pellets following. E0, B0, crescent in right field.
Reverse: Attendants' hands=RR; star and crescent normal. Star at 5h.

 


'Abd Allah b. al-Zubayr
AR Drachm
Mint: DA
Date: YE 57 (688/89 AD)
30 mm.
3.55 gm.
SICA I 258
Diameter of obverse dotted border=22 mm.; diameter of reverse border=23 mm.
Die position=6h
Obverse: Bust right, Pahlavi legend; bism Allah in margin. Triple pellets on either side of star and crescent at 6h; pellet above star at 3h, 6h and 9h. Pahlavi legend, bism Allah in margin; E0, B0, no crescent.
Reverse: Attendants' hands=RR. "GM" monogram at 11h.
Note: Clipped in 1st quadrant.


'Abd Allah b. al-Zubayr
AR Drachm
Mint: KRMAN-HPC
Date: 67 AH (686/87 AD)
32 x 31 mm.
3.83 gm.
Album 15 type; SICA Vol. I, - (similar to 313)
Diameter of obverse dotted border=22 mm.; diameter of reverse border=21 mm.
Die position=9h
Obverse: Pahlavi legend, bism Allah BPRWY in margin. Pellet triplet at 8h. Countermark 48 at 8h. E0, B0, RAO=crescent. Name written as: APDWLA / Y ZWBYRAN
Reverse: Mint name to right (KRMAN-HPC=sub-mint in Kerman); year 67 to left. Attendants' hands=RR. Trace of pellets at 11:45h and crescent(?) at 12:15h.


'Abd Allah ibn al-Zubayr, rival caliph
AR Drachm
Mint: DA+G
Date: YE 56 (687/88 AD)
30 mm.
3.51 gm.
Album 16; SICA Vol. I, - (similar to 264).
Diameter of obverse dotted border=23 mm.; diameter of reverse border=22 mm.
Die position=3h
Obverse: Bust right; bism Allah in margin, three pellets to either side of star and crescent at 6h. Star and crescents have extra pellet. E0, B1, no crescent in right field.
Reverse: Attendants' hands=RR; star and crescent reversed. Pahlavi "G" to left of altar base. Pellet (?) within crescent at 9h.

Zubayrid Governors of al-Basra

Mus'ab ibn al-Zubayr (circa 686 - 690 AD [AH 67 - 71])


Mus'ab ibn al-Zubayr
AR Drachm
Mint: KRMAN-AWN
Date: AH 69 (688/89 AD)
26 mm.
2.85 gm. (clipped)
Album 17 type; Walker 206; Mitchiner ACW -; Mitchiner WOI -
Diameter of obverse dotted border=22 mm.; diameter of reverse border=21 mm.
Die position=12h
Obverse: Single pellet to either side of star and crescent at 6h. Pahlavi legend; bism Allah Mus'ab in margin; breast ornament: three pellets.
Reverse: Mint name to right (KRMAN-AWN); year 69 to left.

'Umar ibn 'Ubayd Allah (686 - 689 AD [AH 67 - 70])


'Umar ibn 'Ubayd Allah ibn Mi'mar
AR Drachm
Mint: ART
Date: AH 70 (689/90 AD)
19 x 17 mm.
1.44 gm. (severely clipped)
Album 21 type; SICA 27
Diameter of obverse dotted border=n/a; diameter of reverse border=n/a
Die position=3h
Obverse: Margin missing; E1, B6; hands: LR. Gobl 11/I countermark @ 2h.
Reverse: Mint name to right (ART) with pellet to either side; year 70 to left, pellet before.

Zubayrid Governors of Khurasan

'Abd Allah ibn Khazim (circa 682 - 692 AD [AH 62 - 72])

Coinage produced under 'Abd al-Malik ibn Marwan 685 - 705 AD [AH 65 - 86]

Umayyad Caliph 'Abd al-Malik ibn Marwan (685 - 705 AD [AH 65 - 86])


'Abd al-Malik ibn Marwan
AR Drachm
Mint: DA+P
Date: YE 60 (691/92 AD)
29 mm.
4.07 gm.
Album 32; Walker page 28, C.3; Konsul Meyer 5553 type (same obverse die); Mitchiner ACW 1349v.; Mitchiner WOI -
Diameter of obverse dotted border=21 mm.; diameter of reverse border=20 mm.
Die position=4h
Obverse: Triple pellets on either side of star and crescent at 6h; pellet above star at 3h, 6h and 9h. Pahlavi legend reading: 'Abd al-Malik, Commander of the Faithful; bism Allah in margin. Breast ornament: three pellets.
Reverse: Mint name to right (DA) and to left of altar (P); year 60 to left. Star on right, crescent on left of altar (reversed). Pellet to right of star and crescent at 12h.