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Carmarthen Halfpenny D&H7

The front side of the token depicts three men at work in a brick building and a circular legend: “CAERMARTHEN IRON WORKS”, and the denomination is indicated at the bottom: “HALFPENNY”.

Interior of iron works showing a furnace and men at work
Interior of a forge showing a tilt hammer and a man working at an anvil
Dalton & Hamer: 7

The reverse side depicts a forge room with a blacksmith working behind an anvil, whose hammer is driven by the power of water. The circular legend reads: "KIDWELLY WHITLAND BLACKPOOL AND CWMDWYFRON FORGES" (Kidwelly, Whitland, Blackpool and Cumdwyfran Forges), at the bottom: "I. MORGAN.

'Cwmdwyfron Ironworks', watercolor c. 1790

Color watercolor images dated 1790 have been preserved, which became the basis for the production of token stamps.

Edge inscription: “PAYABLE IN LONDON. BRISTOL & CARMARTHEN. X." (Payable in London, Bristol and Carmarthen).

The stamp engraver and manufacturer is Hancock (John Gregory Hancock).

Cwmdwyfran Iron Works was founded by Robert Morgan. In 1750, the plant produced 120 tons of pig iron. Until 1760, the plant produced cannonballs and cannonballs for the Board of Ordnance. In 1761, tin production was launched. Subsequently, the management of the plant passed to John Morgan Sr., the son of Robert Morgan.
In Carmarthen, his manufactory was located at the entrance to the city on Llendeilo Road (Llandeilo road). The small town of Qumduaifran is located nearby. Kidwelly is about ten miles from Carmarthen. Whitland in Carmanthenshire, eight miles from the town of Narberth in Pembrokeshire, had a blacksmith's forge powered by water from the old Whitland Abbey fish reservoir. Three miles from Narberth is Blackpool, where Morgan had another large iron manufactory.
John Morgan's banking business began in 1792 with the issuance of tokens to promote iron production, circulating in London, Bristol and Carmarthen, and then grew into a full-fledged Carmarthen Furnace Bank.

The image on the token is made very skillfully, the perspective and volume of the premises are very well conveyed, many of the smallest details and tools are shown with great accuracy, for example, tongs leaning against the wall.