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Coins of Chach

History of Chach

Chach. An ancient medieval state which lay in the Syrdarya River basin, centered around the Tashkent oasis. Mentioned as Chachstan in Persian and Sogdian documents, as Shash - in Arab manuscripts, as Shi and Je-Shi - in Chinese written sources. In the early centuries A.D. Chach, as a small principality, was part of a semi-nomadic state of Kangui. As an independent state, it was first mentioned in 262 A. D. in a Sasanid inscription on the rock - the Zoroastrian Kaaba.

Chach

The first capital of Chach, associated with the Kanka settlement, was founded on the Yaksart-Iosha River (Syrdarya). A manifestation of Chach's independence was a local coin mintage started in the 2nd-3rd centuries A.D., when bronze scyphate (concave) coins were struck there. Their obverse showed ruler's head with hair tied up with a diadem. The reverse bore a tamgha surrounded with a three-word Sogdian legend indicating the name and title of the ruler and the name of the region. In the middle of the 5th century it had become a part of the possessions of the Hephtalites, and in the 6th century was the site of their determined struggle against the new nomadic state - Turkic Caganate. Beginning with the 7th century the capital of Chach had moved from the banks of the Yaksart to the border with the nomadic peoples, who had become a part of the possessions. Those are Madinat-ash-Shash, and later Binket – on the territory of modern Tashkent. A significant center of urban culture had formed there, which developed on the way of Sogdian colonization and in the middle of the trade route with the orient. Chach had become a place of interaction of the Sogdian and Turkic cultures, established diplomatic ties with China. During 7th – first half of 8th century monetary circulation of Chach could be characterized by the use of various bronze coins issued by rulers of different domains. For their obverse, images of rulers with frontal view or three-quarter view are characteristic, and for reverse - various types of tamghas surrounded by Sogdian inscriptions, which described name of the ruler, title and name of the principality. More rare are coins with dual images of king and queen, influenced of Byzantine coin iconography, and coins with images of predatory animals and camels. Turkic rulers of this region minted bronze coins with a square hole and a Sogdian legend, which consisted of only the title (probably, certain economic, or possibly, dynastic ties were reflected here) and a Sogdian legend. Highly interesting in iconographic terms are coins of the rulers of the Kabarna principality. Here we see a squatting ruler or a ruler and his queen dressed in a distinctive pointed headdress. The technology of making coins of domain Tarnavch draws interest. Along with coins made using minting technology, here present are cast coins, which are based on the same struck coins. Rather varied is the portrait gallery of the Turkic rulers, and the technique of their artistic execution. With the arrival of Arabs into Central Asia, the type of coins of Chach changes; they take on the appearance of coins minted in the Caliphate.

 

Coins catalog of Chach

Group I

Period 1

Ch 1. Unknown ruler III - V centuries.
AD Obverse: Portrait of the ruler in profile to the left, surrounded by a linear rim.
The ruler has a Europian type of face, almond-shaped eyes, a large nose, a sloping forehead, a sharp chin with a forked beard, and a small mustache.
A peculiar hairstyle of curly hair falling in separate strands to the shoulders is intercepted by a diadem, the ends of which, tied behind the head with two loops, descend to the back of the ruler.
A crescent-shaped pommel is attached to the top of the diadem.
On the ruler's neck is a decoration with a round medallion in the middle. Reverse: Tamga surrounded by a Sogdian legend:
c'c'n n'pn'c wnwn xw
b

- Chach people (country) ruler - Emperor Vanvan. ( # 57 V. Shagalov A. Kuznetsov. Catalog... # 1.) Copper.
The average weight of coins is 3.1-3.7 g.
Diameter 22-22.8 mm.
/ Very Rare / Original.

 

 

Ch 2. Unknown ruler III - V centuries.
AD Obverse: Portrait of the ruler in profile to the left, surrounded by a linear rim.
The ruler has a Caucasian face type, almond-shaped eyes, a large nose, a sloping forehead, a sharp chin with a forked beard, and a long thin mustache.
A peculiar hairstyle of curly hair falling in separate strands to the shoulders is intercepted by a diadem, the ends of which, tied behind the head in two loops, descend to the back of the ruler.
A crescent-shaped pommel is attached to the top of the diadem.
On the ruler's neck is a decoration in the form of a hoop.
The image of the ruler on the coins of the second and third variants is somewhat different in style and technique from the coins of the first variant. Reverse: Tamga surrounded by a Sogdian legend.
The rim is linear. The legend is read from right to left from the outside of the coin circle.
Consists of 16 letters.
c'c'n n'pc wnwn xw
b

- Ruler of the country Chachan Wanwan. ( # 57 V. Shagalov A. Kuznetsov. Catalog... # 6.) Copper.
The average weight of coins is 3.8-3.9 g.
Diameter 21.5-21.8 mm.
/Rare/ Original.

 

 

Ch 3. Unknown ruler III - V centuries.
AD Obverse: Portrait of the ruler in profile to the left, surrounded by a linear rim. Reverse: The same, but the legend is read from the inside of the coin circle.
Consists of 16 letters. ( # 57 V. Shagalov A. Kuznetsov. Catalog... # 8.) Copper.
The average weight of coins is 3.8-3.9 g.
Diameter 21.5-21.8 mm.
/Rare/ Original.

 

 

Ch 4. Unknown ruler III - V centuries.
AD Obverse: Portrait of the ruler in profile to the left, surrounded by a linear rim.
The image of the ruler on the coins of the fourth variant is somewhat different in style and technique from the coins of the previous variants.
Here the character has a tiara not in the form of a ribbon, but in the form of a dotted line, the eyes are disproportionately large in relation to the face.
There is a gradual departure from the refined realistic depiction of the portrait of the ruler, and a certain stylization of it is outlined; a kind of iconographic scheme arises in conveying the characteristic individual or ethnic characteristics of the representatives of the Chach dynasty.
This pictorial scheme can be traced in the subsequent long and abundant minting of coins of this group. Reverse: Tamga surrounded by a Sogdian legend.
The rim is linear; on some specimens the rim is absent. The legend is read from the outside of the coin circle from right to left, and consists of 17 letters. c'c'n n'p'c wnwn xw
b
- Chach people ruler Vanvan. ( # 57 V. Shagalov A. Kuznetsov. Catalog... # 9.) Copper.
The average weight of coins is 3.4 g.
Diameter 20.2 mm.
/Rare/

 

 

Ch 5. Unknown ruler III - V centuries.
AD Obverse: Portrait of the ruler in profile to the left, surrounded by a linear rim. Reverse: Tamga surrounded by a Sogdian legend, dotted rim. The legend is read from right to left from the outside of the coin circle, and consists of 16 letters. c'c'n n'p'c wnwn xw
b
- Chach people ruler Vanwan. ( # 57 V. Shagalov A. Kuznetsov. Catalog... # 11.) Copper.
/Rare/ Original.

 

 

Ch 6. Unknown ruler III - V centuries.
AD Obverse: Portrait of the ruler in profile to the left, surrounded by a linear rim. Reverse: Tamga surrounded by a Sogdian legend, linear rim. The legend is read from right to left from the inside of the coin circle, and consists of 16 letters. c'c'n n'p'c wnwn xw
b
- Chach people ruler Vanvan. ( # 57 V. Shagalov A. Kuznetsov. Catalog... # 12.) Copper.
The average weight of coins is 3.7 g.
Diameter 21.2 mm.
/Rare/ Original.

 

 

Ch 7. Unknown ruler III - V centuries.
AD Obverse: Portrait of the ruler in profile to the left, surrounded by a linear rim. Reverse: Tamga surrounded by a Sogdian legend, linear rim. The legend is read from right to left from the outside of the coin circle, and consists of 16 letters. c'c'n n'p'c wnwn xw
b
- Chach people ruler Vanwan. ( # 57 V. Shagalov A. Kuznetsov. Catalog... # 13.) Copper.
The average weight of coins is 2.9 g.
Diameter 18.8 mm.
/Rare/ Original.

 

 

Ch 8. Unknown ruler III - V centuries.
AD Obverse: Portrait of the ruler in profile to the left, no rim. Reverse: Tamga surrounded by a Sogdian legend, no rim. The legend is read from right to left from the outside of the coin circle and probably, with distortions and omissions of letters, repeats the legend of previous versions. ( # 57 V. Shagalov A. Kuznetsov. Catalog... # 14.) Copper.
The average weight of coins is 5.6 g.
Diameter 22 mm.
/Rare/ Original.

 

 

Period 2

Ch 9. Unknown ruler III - V centuries.
AD Obverse: Portrait of the ruler in profile to the left, the linear rim is either missing or appears fragmentarily on the coin circle.
The ruler's diadem is represented by a dotted line with a crescent-shaped pommel. Reverse: Tamga surrounded by a Sogdian legend.
The rim is linear; on some specimens the rim is absent. The legend is read on some copies from the outside, on some copies from the inside of the coin circle.
With distortions, omissions of letters and possibly words, it repeats the legend on coins of the first period.
The coins have a slight discolouration of the coin circle. ( # 57 V. Shagalov A. Kuznetsov. Catalog... # 16.) Copper.
The average weight of coins is 2.1-4.1 g.
Diameter 18.3-18.7 mm.
/Common/ Original.

 

 

Ch 10. Unknown ruler III - V centuries.
AD Obverse: Portrait of the ruler in profile to the left, the linear rim is either missing or appears fragmentarily on the coin circle.
The ruler's diadem is represented by a dotted line with a crescent-shaped pommel. Reverse: Tamga surrounded by a Sogdian legend.
The linear rim is either absent or appears fragmentarily on the coin circle. The legend on coins of this variant is found printed on both the outer and inner sides of the coin circle.
There are known specimens with a legend applied in a mirror image.
With significant distortions, omissions of letters and words, it probably repeats the legend on coins of the first period. The coins are thin, scyphate, some specimens have cut edges. ( # 57 V. Shagalov A. Kuznetsov. Catalog... # 20.) Copper.
The average weight of coins is 1.5-2.4 g.
Diameter 17.3-20.5 mm.
/ Scarce / Original.

 

 

Ch 11. Unknown ruler III - V centuries.
AD Obverse: Portrait of the ruler in profile to the left, the linear rim is either missing or appears fragmentarily on the coin circle.
The ruler's diadem is depicted in the form of a line. Reverse: Tamga surrounded by a Sogdian legend.
The linear rim is either absent or appears fragmentarily on the coin circle. The legend on coins of this variant is found printed on both the outer and inner sides of the coin circle.
There are known specimens with a legend applied in a mirror image.
With significant distortions and omissions of letters and words, it possibly repeats the legend on coins of the first period.
On many copies, the distortion of the legend reaches an almost undetectable and unreadable state. The coins are small in size, thick, the skifatity of the coin circle is insignificant or absent.
. ( # 57 V. Shagalov A. Kuznetsov. Catalog... # 22.) Copper.
The average weight of coins is 2.2-3.4 g.
Diameter 16.3-18 mm.
/common/

 

 

Period 3

Ch 12. Unknown ruler III - V centuries.
AD Obverse: Portrait of the ruler in profile to the left, no rim. Reverse: Tamga surrounded by a Sogdian legend, no rim. The legend on these coins is found printed on both the outer and inner sides of the coin circle.
With significant distortions and omissions of letters and words, it possibly repeats the legend on coins of the first period.
On many copies, the distortion of the legend reaches an almost undetectable and unreadable state.
The coins are thin, most of them are scyphatic in shape, some specimens have cut edges. ( # 57 V. Shagalov A. Kuznetsov. Catalog... # 24.) Copper.
The average weight of coins is 0.4-1.8 g.
Diameter 10.6-15.8 mm.
/Common/

 

 

Ch 13. Unknown ruler III - V centuries.
AD Obverse: Portrait of the ruler in profile to the left, no rim. Reverse: Tamga surrounded by a Sogdian legend, no rim. The legend on these coins is found printed on both the outer and inner sides of the coin circle.
With significant distortions and omissions of letters and words, it possibly repeats the legend on coins of the first period.
On many copies, the distortion of the legend reaches an almost undetectable and unreadable state.
The coins are thin, most of them are scyphatic in shape, some specimens have cut edges. ( # 57 V. Shagalov A. Kuznetsov. Catalog... # 25.) Copper.
The average weight of coins is 0.4-1.8 g.
Diameter 10.6-15.8 mm.
/Common/ Original.

 

 

Ch 14. Unknown ruler III - V centuries.
AD Obverse: Portrait of the ruler in profile to the left, no rim. Reverse: Tamga surrounded by a Sogdian legend, no rim. The legend on these coins is found printed on both the outer and inner sides of the coin circle.
With significant distortions and omissions of letters and words, it possibly repeats the legend on coins of the first period.
On many copies, the distortion of the legend reaches an almost undetectable and unreadable state.
The coins are thin, most of them are scyphatic in shape, some specimens have cut edges. ( # 57 V. Shagalov A. Kuznetsov. Catalog... # 28.) Copper.
The average weight of coins is 0.4-1.8 g.
Diameter 10.6-15.8 mm.
/Common/ Original.

 

 

Ch 15. Unknown ruler III - V centuries.
AD Obverse: Portrait of the ruler in profile to the right, no rim. Reverse: Tamga surrounded by a Sogdian legend, no rim. The legend on these coins is found printed on both the outer and inner sides of the coin circle.
With significant distortions and omissions of letters and words, it possibly repeats the legend on coins of the first period.
On many copies, the distortion of the legend reaches an almost undetectable and unreadable state.
The coins are thin, most of them are scyphatic in shape, some specimens have cut edges. ( # 57 V. Shagalov A. Kuznetsov. Catalog... # 29.) Copper.
The average weight of coins is 0.4-1.8 g.
Diameter 10.6-15.8 mm.
/ Very Rare / Original.

 

 

Ch 16. Unknown ruler III - V centuries.
AD Obverse: Portrait of the ruler in profile to the left, no rim. Reverse: Tamga surrounded by a Sogdian legend, no rim. The legend on these coins is found printed on both the outer and inner sides of the coin circle.
With significant distortions and omissions of letters and words, it possibly repeats the legend on coins of the first period.
On many copies, the distortion of the legend reaches an almost undetectable and unreadable state.
The coins are thin, most of them are scyphatic in shape, some specimens have cut edges. ( # 57 V. Shagalov A. Kuznetsov. Catalog... # 31.) Bronze.
The average weight of coins is 0.4-1.8 g.
Diameter 10.6-15.8 mm.
/ Scarce / Original.

 

 

Group II

 

 

Ch 17. Unknown ruler of the 7th-8th centuries. Obverse: Bust-length image of the ruler in front, surrounded by a dotted rim.
On the left in front of the ruler's face is an image of a cross.
The ruler’s face is of an even oval shape, the image is made very carefully and accurately, the details of the headdress and decorations on the costume are visible, there are no inscriptions.
In general terms, the iconography and style of the image of the ruler on coins of this type repeats the image on the Byzantine solidi of Emperor Justinian I (527-565). Reverse: Tamga surrounded by a dotted rim. ( # 57 V. Shagalov A. Kuznetsov. Catalog... # 32.) Bronze.
The average weight of coins is 1.4 g.
Diameter 17.9 mm.
/ Extremely Rare / Original.

 

 

Ch 18. Unknown ruler of the 7th-8th centuries. Obverse: Bust-length image of the ruler in front, surrounded by a dotted rim.
Coins of this variant are distinguished by a rougher image of the portrait of the ruler; the ruler’s face is round or triangular.
A coin circle of irregular shape, with broken edges that were not processed after casting the blank.
In most cases, the image appears on the coin circle in fragments. Reverse: Tamga surrounded by a dotted rim. ( # 57 V. Shagalov A. Kuznetsov. Catalog... # 34.) Bronze.
The average weight of coins is 1.2 g.
Diameter 17.6 mm.
/ Extremely Rare / Original.

 

 

Ch 19. Unknown ruler VII - VIII centuries. Obverse: Image of a ruler sitting upright surrounded by a linear rim.
The ruler sits cross-legged on a kind of throne or sufa, his head is turned to the right, his long straight hair hangs down over his shoulders.
His left hand is raised in a characteristic gesture of adoration; with his right hand he supports a straight, narrow sword.
The ruler wears a long, fitted caftan with a wide right-hand lapel.
On the left behind the back are solar symbols, a star and a crescent. Reverse: Tamga surrounded by a linear rim. ( # 57 V. Shagalov A. Kuznetsov. Catalog... # 35.) Bronze.
/Rare/ Original.

 

 

Ch 20. Unknown ruler of the 7th-8th centuries. Obverse: Image of a ruler sitting upright surrounded by a linear rim. Reverse: Tamga surrounded by a linear rim.
The difference between the previous option is the location of the additional tamga element in the form of two parallel lines. ( # 57 V. Shagalov A. Kuznetsov. Catalog... # 39.) Bronze.
The average weight of coins is 1.5 -1.6 g.
Diameter 18-19.6 mm.
/ Very Rare / Original.

 

 

Ch 21. Unknown ruler of the 7th-8th centuries. Obverse: Image of a ruler sitting upright surrounded by a linear rim.
The ruler sits cross-legged on a kind of throne or sufa, his head is turned to the right, his long straight hair hangs down over his shoulders.
The left hand is raised in a characteristic gesture of adoration.
The ruler wears a long, fitted caftan with a wide right-hand lapel.
On the left behind the back are solar symbols, a star and a crescent.
On the coins of this variant, the throne of the ruler, on the right and left sides, ends with images of the heads of predatory animals, possibly lions. Reverse: Tamga surrounded by a Sogdian legend. The legend is read from the inside of the coin circle from right to left.
twn cp
g
w
g
'
g
'n pny

- Money Tun Dzhagbu Kagan. ( # 57 V. Shagalov A. Kuznetsov. Catalog... # 40.) Bronze.
The average weight of coins is 2.3 g.
Diameter 20 mm.
/ Very Rare /

 

 

Ch 22. Unknown ruler of the 7th-8th centuries. Obverse: Image of a seated ruler surrounded by a linear rim.
The ruler sits cross-legged on a kind of zoomorphic throne or sufa, his head is turned to the right, his long straight hair hangs down over his shoulders.
In the raised left hand, the ruler holds an indefinite object in the form of a pole with a bend at the bottom and a crosshair at the top, intercepted by developing ribbons; perhaps this object is some kind of bladed weapon or a religious attribute.
The ruler wears a long, fitted caftan with a wide right-hand lapel.
At the top left, behind the ruler’s back, is a fuzzy, barely visible image of either developing ribbons or a flying Nike. Reverse: Tamga surrounded by a Sogdian legend.
The rim is linear. The legend is read from the inside of the coin circle.
Presumably it repeats the legend of the previous version. (# 57 V. Shagalov A. Kuznetsov. Catalog... # 41.) Bronze.
The average weight of coins is 1.3-1.7 g.
Diameter 16-20.1 mm.
/ Very Rare / Original.

 

 

Ch 23. Unknown ruler of the 7th-8th centuries. Obverse: Image of two men and women sitting upright with crossed legs, surrounded by a dotted rim.
Their faces are turned to each other, the man’s in profile, or three-quarters of a turn to the right, the woman’s face, or three-quarters of a turn to the left.
It is possible that coins of this type depict a local ruler with his wife.
The image of the ruler (on the left side) in general terms repeats the character on the coins of the previous type.
The ruler is dressed in a long, fitted caftan with a wide right-side lapel.
He has broad shoulders, straight hair falling over his shoulders, and earrings in his ears.
In his left hand he holds some indefinite object, his right hand is lowered to his knee.
The ruler has a unique, tall, conical, three-pointed headdress on her head.
Her head is tilted slightly to the left, towards the ruler.
The ruler is dressed in a wide caftan or robe with folds on narrow sloping shoulders, and holds an indefinite object in her hands, possibly some kind of vessel. Reverse : Tamga surrounded by a dotted rim. (# 57 V. Shagalov A. Kuznetsov. Catalog... # 44.) Bronze.
/ Extremely Rare / Original.

 

 

Ch 24. Unknown ruler of the 7th-8th centuries. Obverse: The image on the coins of this variant is made in a rougher manner, the ruler is depicted here holding his left hand in a gesture of adoration, the ruler’s hands rest on her knees. Reverse: Tamga surrounded by a Sogdian legend. The legend on the coins is read from the outside of the coin circle from right to left.
cp
g
w yrcr
d
nk pny

- Money jabgu Il-Chirdanak / Il-Urdanak. (# 57 V. Shagalov A. Kuznetsov. Catalog... # 45.) Bronze.
The average weight of coins is 1.7-1.8 g.
Diameter 18.8-19.1 mm.
/ Extremely Rare /

 

 

Ch 121. Unknown ruler of the 7th-8th centuries. Obverse: Image of the ruler three-quarters to the right. Reverse: Tamga surrounded by a Sogdian legend. (Unpublished) / Extremely Rare /

 

 

Ch 25. Unknown ruler of the 7th-8th centuries. Obverse: Bust-length image of two characters, a man and a woman.
Their faces are turned three-quarters of a turn towards each other.
In the foreground, on the left, is the ruler.
He has a wide, high-cheekboned face, long straight hair flowing down his back, and on his neck, depicted in large dots, a necklace with an oval medallion pendant.
The ruler is depicted on the right, behind the man.
She has a wide face, a unique, high, conical-shaped, three-pointed headdress on her head, earrings in her ears, and a decoration in the form of a necklace with a pendant on her neck.
At the top, above the heads of the rulers, in the middle, or closer to the male character, solar symbols are depicted - a star and a crescent.
The rim is dotted. Reverse: Tamga surrounded by a Sogdian legend.
The rim is linear. The legend is read from the outside of the coin circle and consists of four words.
The legend is made in a mirror image.
ZNH pny cp
g
w yrcr
d
nk
(# 57 V. Shagalov A. Kuznetsov. Catalog... # 47.) Copper.
The average weight of coins is 3 grams.
Diameter 24.8 mm.
/ Extremely Rare /

 

 

Ch 26. Unknown ruler of the 7th-8th centuries. Obverse: The same, but the rim is linear. Reverse: Reverse: Tamga surrounded by a Sogdian legend.
The rim is linear. The legend is read from the inside of the coin circle and consists of four words.
ZNH pny cp
g
w yrcr
d
nk
(# 57 V. Shagalov A. Kuznetsov. Catalog... # 48.) Copper.
The average weight of coins is 2.6-2.8 g.
Diameter 23-23.5 mm.
/Rare/ Original.

 

 

Ch 27. Unknown ruler of the 7th-8th centuries. Obverse: Bust-length image of two characters, a man and a woman, probably local rulers, surrounded by a ribbon rim. Reverse: Tamga surrounded by a Sogdian legend, linear rim. The legend on this version of the coin, unlike previous versions, is made roughly, with the loss of some letters.
Presumably, with distortions, it repeats the legend of previous versions. (# 57 V. Shagalov A. Kuznetsov. Catalog... # 50.) Copper.
The average weight of coins is 2.4-2.6 g.
Diameter 19.5-22.8 mm.
/rare/

 

 

Ch 28. Unknown ruler of the 7th-8th centuries. Obverse: Bust-length image of two characters, a man and a woman, probably local rulers, surrounded by a ribbon rim. Reverse: Tamga surrounded by a Sogdian legend, linear rim. The legend on this version of the coin, unlike previous versions, is made roughly, with the loss of some letters.
Presumably, with distortions, it repeats the legend of previous versions. (# 57 V. Shagalov A. Kuznetsov. Catalog... # 52.) Copper.
The average weight of coins is 2.4-2.6 g.
Diameter 19.5-22.8 mm.
/Rare/

 

 

Ch 29. Unknown ruler of the 7th-8th centuries. Obverse: Bust-length image of two characters, a man and a woman.
Their faces are turned three-quarters of a turn towards each other.
In the foreground, on the right, is the ruler.
He has a wide, high-cheekbone face, long straight hair flowing down his back, and on his neck, depicted in large dots, a necklace with an oval medallion pendant.
The ruler is depicted on the left, behind the man.
She has a wide face, a unique, high, conical-shaped, three-pointed headdress on her head, earrings in her ears, and a decoration in the form of a necklace with a pendant on her neck.
At the top, above the heads of the rulers, in the middle, or closer to the male character, solar symbols are depicted - a star and a crescent.
The rim is linear. Reverse: Tamga surrounded by a Sogdian legend.
The rim is linear. The legend is read from the outside of the coin circle and consists of four words.
The legend is made in a mirror image.
ZNH pny cp
g
w yrcr
d
nk
Unpublished. Copper.
/ Extremely Rare / Original.

 

 

Ch 30. Unknown ruler of the 7th-8th centuries. Obverse: Bust-length image of two characters, a man and a woman.
Their faces are turned three-quarters of a turn towards each other.
On the left, the ruler is depicted; he has a wide, high-cheekboned face, long straight hair falling over his shoulders.
The ruler is depicted on the right, she has a wide face, a unique, high, conical-shaped, three-pointed headdress on her head, and massive earrings in her ears.
The rim is dotted. Reverse: Tamga surrounded by a Sogdian legend.
The rim is dotted. The legend is read from the inside of the coin circle from right to left, and consists of four words.
twn cp
g
w
g
'
g
'n pny
(# 57 V. Shagalov A. Kuznetsov. Catalog... # 53.) Copper.
The average weight of coins is 1.8-2.3 g.
Diameter 16-20.5 mm.
/ Very Rare / Original.

 

 

 

Ch 31. Unknown ruler of the 7th-8th centuries. Obverse: Image of a rider, possibly a local ruler, on a horse facing to the right, his left arm bent at the elbow and extended forward, holding the reins in his right hand.
He has broad shoulders and straight hair that falls over his shoulders.
On the right in front of the rider is a kneeling figure of a woman, probably the ruler’s wife.
The ruler has a unique, tall, conical, three-pointed headdress on her head.
Her head is turned three-quarters of a turn to the left, towards the ruler, and slightly tilted down.
The ruler is dressed in a wide caftan or robe with folds on narrow sloping shoulders, and holds an indefinite object in her hands, perhaps it is some kind of vessel.
The rim is linear. Reverse: In the center of the coin circle there is an image of the altar of fire, on the left there is a tamga, to the right of the altar there is an additional element of the tamga in the form of two vertical lines - a straight line and one with an outgoing line.
The rim is linear. (# 57 V. Shagalov A. Kuznetsov. Catalog... # 56.) Bronze.
/ Extremely Rare / Original.

 

 

Ch 32. Unknown ruler of the 7th-8th centuries. Obverse: The plot scheme of the image on this version of the coins is almost identical to the previous version.
The difference between the versions lies in the following details: the female character here is depicted standing in front of the rider; on some copies, some kind of oblong sharp object is visible behind the rider’s back, perhaps this is an image of a bow or spear.
The size of the coin circle and the image of the coins of this option is smaller than the previous one.
The rim is linear. Reverse: In the center of the coin circle there is an image of the altar of fire, on the left there is a tamga, to the right of the altar there is an additional element of the tamga in the form of two vertical lines - a straight line and one with an outgoing line.
The rim is linear. (# 57 V. Shagalov A. Kuznetsov. Catalog... # 59.) Bronze.
The average weight of coins is 1.4-1.9 g.
Diameter 17.7-19.4 mm.
/ Extremely Rare / Original.

 

 

Ch 33. Unknown ruler of the 7th-8th centuries. Obverse: The image of a rider, possibly a local ruler, on a horse facing to the right, he has broad shoulders, straight hair falling behind his shoulders.
On some specimens, some kind of oblong sharp object is visible behind the rider’s back, perhaps this is an image of a bow or spear.
The rim is linear.
To the right of the head is an image of solar symbols - a crescent and a star above it. Reverse: Tamga surrounded by a Sogdian legend.
The rim is linear. The legend is read from the inside of the coin circle from right to left, and consists of three words.
pny cp
g
w
g
'
g
'n

Money of Jabgu Kagan. (# 57 V. Shagalov A. Kuznetsov. Catalog... # 62.) Bronze.
The average weight of coins is 2.1-2.7 g.
Diameter 17.1-20.1 mm.
/ Scarce / Original.

 

 

Ch 34. Unknown ruler of the 7th-8th centuries. Obverse: Image of a rider, possibly a local ruler, on a horse facing right, surrounded by a linear rim.
The image of the horseman on the coins of this variant is similar to the image on the coins of the previous variant. Reverse: Tamga surrounded by a Sogdian legend.
The rim is linear. The legend is read from the inside of the coin circle and is made in a mirror image on most copies.
Presumably the legend on the coins of this variant repeats the legend of the first variant.
The tamga on the coins of this variant is also shown in mirror image. (# 57 V. Shagalov A. Kuznetsov. Catalog... # 68.) Bronze.
The average weight of coins is 1.5-2.4 g.
Diameter 17.3-18.1 mm.
/ Scarce / Original.

 

 

Ch 35. Unknown ruler of the 7th-8th centuries. Obverse: Image of a rider, possibly a local ruler, on a horse facing right, surrounded by a dotted rim.
The ruler is dressed in a long, fitted caftan with wide lapels.
He has broad shoulders and straight hair that falls over his shoulders.
His left hand is raised in a characteristic gesture of adoration, his right hand supports the reins, and a crescent moon is depicted behind the ruler’s back. Reverse: Tamga, under it there is a Sogdian legend in two lines in a semicircle.
The rim is dotted. The legend is read from the inside of the coin circle. (# 57 V. Shagalov A. Kuznetsov. Catalog... # 71.) Bronze.
The average weight of coins is 1.5-2.4 g.
Diameter 17.3-18.1 mm.
/Rare/ Original.

 

 

Ch 36. Unknown ruler of the 7th-8th centuries. Obverse: Image of a bareback horse walking to the right with its left leg raised and bent at the knee.
The horse stands on the line, above the horse there is a crescent with a dot.
Probably, the dot here conveys the image of a star.
The rim is dotted. Reverse: Tamga surrounded by a Sogdian legend.
The rim is dotted. The legend is read from the inside of the coin circle from right to left, and supposedly consists of four words.
twn cp
g
w
g
'
g
'n pny

Money Tun Jabgu Kagan. (# 57 V. Shagalov A. Kuznetsov. Catalog... # 74.) Bronze.
The average weight of coins is 1.6 g.
Diameter 16.4 mm.
/ Scarce / Original.

 

 

Ch 37. Unknown ruler of the 7th-8th centuries. Obverse: Image of a bareback horse walking to the right with its left leg raised and bent at the knee.
On some specimens the horse stands on a line; above the horse there is a crescent with a dot.
The rim is dotted. Reverse: Tamga surrounded by a Sogdian legend.
Tamga is made in mirror image. (# 57 V. Shagalov A. Kuznetsov. Catalog... # 79.) Bronze.
/ Scarce / Original.

 

 

Ch 38. Unknown ruler of the 7th-8th centuries. Obverse: An image of a bareback horse walking to the right with the left leg raised and bent at the knee, a crescent moon with a dot above the horse.
The rim is dotted.
(On all known copies of coins of this variant, the image appears on the coin circle in fragments.) Reverse: Tamga surrounded by a dotted rim, no inscriptions. (# 57 V. Shagalov A. Kuznetsov. Catalog... # 80.) Bronze.
The average weight of coins is 0.6-0.9 g.
Diameter 11.9-13.6 mm.
/ Scarce / Original.

 

 

Group III

 

Ch 39. Unknown ruler of the 7th-8th centuries. Obverse: Portrait of the ruler three-quarters of a turn to the right, surrounded by a ribbon rim.
The ruler has a Mongoloid face type, long, straight hair that goes down to his shoulders.
On the neck is a massive hryvnia with a square decoration in the center, and large earrings in the ears.
On the sides, above the shoulders, there are solar symbols, a star on the left, a crescent on the right.
Under the crescent there is a ribbon with a pattern of intersecting lines; it is possible that this is a piece of armor or an element of decoration of the ruler’s costume. Reverse: Tamga surrounded by a Sogdian legend, ribbon rim.
Three minor varieties of tamga on this variant of coins are known. The legend is read from the inside of the coin circle from right to left, and consists of five words.
ZNH pny tk'yn c'cynk xw
b
w

- This is the money (coin) of the tegin of the Chach ruler. (# 57 V. Shagalov A. Kuznetsov. Catalog... # 84.) Bronze.
The average weight of coins is 1.6-2.5 g.
Diameter 18.3-20.3 mm.
/ Scarce / Original.

 

 

Ch 40. Unknown ruler of the 7th-8th centuries. Obverse: Unlike the previous version, the surrounding rim on the coin is dotted.
The image of the ruler in some cases is a little simplified, has a slightly smaller size than in the previous version, sometimes there are no solar symbols, or there is only one symbol, their location on the sides of the ruler changes. Reverse: Tamga surrounded by a Sogdian legend, dotted rim. The legend is read from the inside of the coin circle from right to left, and consists of five words
ZNH pny tk'yn c'cynk xw
b
w

- This is the money (coin) of the tegin of the Chach ruler. (# 57 V. Shagalov A. Kuznetsov. Catalog... # 90.) Bronze.
The average weight of coins is 1.6-2.5 g.
Diameter 18.3-20.3 mm.
/ Scarce / Original.

 

 

Ch 41. Unknown ruler of the 7th-8th centuries. Obverse: The rim on the coin is dotted, the image of the ruler is similar to the previous second option. Reverse: The legend is read from the inside of the coin circle from right to left, and consists of four words
ZNH pny tk'yn c'cynk xw
b
w

- This is the money (coin) of the tegin of the Chach ruler. (# 57 V. Shagalov A. Kuznetsov. Catalog... # 93.) Bronze.
The average weight of coins is 2-2.3 g.
Diameter 20.4-21.3 mm.
/ Scarce / Original.

 

 

Ch 42. Unknown ruler of the 7th-8th centuries. Obverse: Portrait of the ruler three-quarters to the right, surrounded by a dotted rim.
Unlike previous versions, there is no image of the hryvnia, and there are practically no images of solar symbols. Reverse: Tamga surrounded by a Sogdian legend, dotted rim. The legend is read from the inside of the coin circle from right to left, and consists of four words.
The legend on known coins of this variant has been preserved in fragments.
The intended reading of this legend is similar to the previous version. (# 57 V. Shagalov A. Kuznetsov. Catalog... # 96.) Bronze.
The average weight of coins is 1.1-1.4 g.
Diameter 16.9-18.4 mm.
/ Scarce / Original.

 

 

Ch 43. Unknown ruler of the 7th-8th centuries. Obverse: Portrait of the ruler, three-quarters to the right, surrounded by a ribbon rim.
The ruler has large almond-shaped eyes, a straight narrow nose, a small mouth, and a peculiar hairstyle.
A similar form of hairstyle is known on the characters of the wall paintings in Balalyk-tepe, which dates back to the 5th-6th centuries.
On the ruler's neck is a massive decoration with a pendant in the center.
Above the shoulders and above the head are solar symbols - a crescent with a dot in the middle.
The dot here apparently conveys the image of a star.
Behind the head is a Sogdian legend consisting of one word. Reverse: Tamga surrounded by a Sogdian legend. The legend is read from the inside of the coin circle from right to left, and consists of five words
ZNH pny tkyn c'cynk xw
b

- This is the money (coin) of the tegin of the Chach ruler. (# 57 V. Shagalov A. Kuznetsov. Catalog... # 98.) Bronze.
The average weight of coins is 1.6-2.5 g.
Diameter 18.2-20.7 mm.
/ Scarce / Original.

 

 

Ch 44. Unknown ruler of the 7th-8th centuries. Obverse: Portrait of the ruler is similar to the previous version, differing only in a slight reduction in the size of the stamp used for minting. Reverse: Tamga surrounded by a Sogdian legend. The legend is read from the inside of the coin circle from right to left, and consists of five words.
ZNH pny tk'yn c'cynk xw
b
- This is the money (coin) of the tegin of the Chach ruler. (# 57 V. Shagalov A. Kuznetsov. Catalog... # 104.) Bronze.
The average weight of coins is 1.1-1.6 g.
Diameter 18.3-17.1 mm.
/ Scarce / Original.

 

 

Ch 45. Unknown ruler of the 7th-8th centuries. Obverse: Portrait of the ruler three-quarters of a turn to the right, surrounded by a ribbon rim.
The ruler has Mongoloid facial features, his hair is pulled back and tied with a ribbon, the ends of which develop behind the head on the left.
There is a massive hryvnia around the neck.
There are large earrings in the ears.
On the sides, above the shoulders, there are solar symbols, a crescent on the left, a star and a crescent on the right.
On the shoulders there are ribbons with a pattern in the form of squares with a dot in the middle; it is possible that this is a part of plate armor or an element of decoration of the ruler’s costume. Reverse: Tamga surrounded by a Sogdian legend. The legend is read from the inside of the coin circle from right to left, and consists of five words
pny tk' ryttpyr c'cynk
- Money
tk' ryttpyr
of the Chach ruler. (# 57 V. Shagalov A. Kuznetsov. Catalog... # 107.) Bronze.
The average weight of coins is 1.7-2.5 g.
Diameter 18.6-23.5 mm.
/ Scarce / Original.

 

 

Ch 46. Unknown ruler of the 7th-8th centuries. Obverse: The portrait of the ruler completely repeats the previous version, the difference is that the size of the stamp used to mint coins is reduced. Reverse: Tamga surrounded by a Sogdian legend. The legend is read from the inside of the coin circle from right to left, and consists of five words.
Presumably it repeats the legend of the previous version: ….
…..
yttpyr c'cynk …….
- Money (coin)
tk' ryttpyr
of the Chach ruler. (# 57 V. Shagalov A. Kuznetsov. Catalog... # 110.) Bronze.
The average weight of coins is 0.9-1 g.
Diameter 16.1-16.5 mm.
/ Scarce / Original.

 

 

Ch 47. Unknown ruler of the 7th-8th centuries. Obverse: Portrait of the ruler from the front, or three-quarters of a turn to the right, surrounded by a ribbon rim.
Here we can trace a consistent change in the style of depiction, the degradation of the artistic appearance of the ruler.
And if on the coins of the previous versions one can note the rather high quality of the work of the stamp cutters, then the subsequent versions are distinguished by extremely rough execution. Reverse: Tamga surrounded by a Sogdian legend. (# 57 V. Shagalov A. Kuznetsov. Catalog... # 115.) Bronze.
The average weight of coins is 1.3-1.5 g.
Diameter 18.3-19.9 mm.
/Rare/ Original.

 

 

Ch 48. Unknown ruler of the 7th-8th centuries. Obverse: Portrait of the ruler three-quarters of a turn to the right, surrounded by a dotted rim.
The hair is tied with a ribbon, the ends of which develop behind the head.
On the sides above the shoulders, peculiarly styled hair is visible.
Similarly styled hair can be found on Sasanian and Hephthalite coins.
There are large earrings in the ears.
On the ruler's neck is a decoration (pectoral), with a large square medallion in the middle.
On the right in front of the face, above the heels, solar symbols are depicted - a star and a crescent. Reverse: Tamga surrounded by a Sogdian legend, dotted rim. The legend is read from the outside of the coin circle from right to left.
pny c'cynk xw
b
…………

- coin of the Chach ruler…………. (# 57 V. Shagalov A. Kuznetsov. Catalog... # 118.) Bronze.
The average weight of coins is 1.3-2 g.
Diameter 17.5-18.4 mm.
/Rare/ Original.

 

 

Ch 49. Unknown ruler of the 7th-8th centuries. Obverse: Same. Reverse: Tamga surrounded by a Sogdian legend, dotted rim. (# 57 V. Shagalov A. Kuznetsov. Catalog... # 116.) Bronze.
The average weight of coins is 1.3-2 g.
Diameter 17.5-18.4 mm.
/Rare/

 

 

Group IV

 

Ch 50. Ruler of Akchania.
VII-VIII centuries Obverse: Portrait of the ruler in profile to the right, surrounded by a dotted rim.
On the head there is a decoration resembling a diadem, with a crescent-shaped top, and a large earring in the ear.
The ruler has Caucasian facial features, a large nose, a massive chin, a mustache and a thick, unique beard, starting under the chin and descending to the chest in separate strands.
This is the only type of coin of the early medieval Chach mint, where the ruler is depicted not in front or three-quarters, but in profile. Reverse: Tamga surrounded by a Sogdian legend. The legend is read from the outside of the coin circle.
scny'
b
y pny

- Ščaniyabaga's money. (# 57 V. Shagalov A. Kuznetsov. Catalog... # 122.) Bronze.
The average weight of coins is 1.7-2.7 g.
Diameter 16-20 mm.
/ Extremely Rare / Original.

 

 

Ch 51. Ruler Nirt VII-VIII centuries. Obverse: Bust-length image of a portrait of the ruler, three-quarters turned to the right, surrounded by a dotted rim.
The ruler has a unique form of hairstyle (a similar form of hairstyle is known on the characters of the wall paintings in Balalyk-tepe, which dates back to the 5th-6th centuries), on his head is a decoration such as a flat crown topped in the center with a crescent on a stand, and on his neck is a massive hryvnia. Reverse: Tamga surrounded by a Sogdian legend. The legend is read from the inside of the coin circle from right to left, and supposedly consists of five words.
pny 'krty c'cynk xw
b
w z/nyrt

- Money made by the Chach ruler Z/Nirt. (# 57 V. Shagalov A. Kuznetsov. Catalog... # 125.) Bronze.
The average weight of coins is 3.3-4.6 g.
Diameter 23.6-26.1 mm.
/ Scarce / Original.

 

 

Ch 52. Ruler Nirt VII-VIII centuries. Obverse: Bust-length image of a portrait of the ruler, three-quarters turned to the right, surrounded by a dotted rim.
This version differs from the previous one in that the ruler here is depicted as elderly, this can be seen from the small beard, mustache, and tired facial expression. Reverse: Tamga surrounded by a Sogdian legend. The legend is read from the inside of the coin circle, from right to left, and is similar to the legend on the coins of the previous version. (# 57 V. Shagalov A. Kuznetsov. Catalog... # 133.) Bronze.
The average weight of coins is 3.5-4.4 g.
Diameter 25.2-25.3 mm.
/ Scarce / Original.

 

 

Ch 53. Ruler Nirt VII-VIII centuries. Obverse: Bust-length image of a portrait of the ruler, three-quarters turned to the right, surrounded by a dotted rim.
The ruler has a unique hairstyle, a decoration on his head like a flat crown topped with a crescent moon on a stand in the center, and a massive hryvnia on his neck. Reverse: Tamga surrounded by a Sogdian legend. This version of coins differs from previous versions in that the legend is printed on the outside of the coin circle. The legend is read from the outside of the coin circle from right to left.
Based on the fragment of this legend that ended up on the coin circle during minting, we assume that the legend is identical to the legend of the previous versions. (# 57 V. Shagalov A. Kuznetsov. Catalog... # 135.) Bronze.
The average weight of coins is 3.3-3.5 g.
Diameter 24.1-25.9 mm.
/ Scarce /

 

 

Ch 54. Ruler Nirt VII-VIII centuries. Obverse: Bust-length image of the portrait of the ruler in a three-quarter turn to the left (all other options have a turn to the right), surrounded by a dotted rim.
The ruler has a unique hairstyle, a decoration on his head like a flat crown topped with a crescent moon on a stand in the center, and a massive hryvnia on his neck.
The portrait of the ruler is crudely made. Reverse: Tamga surrounded by a Sogdian legend. The legend is written on the inside of the coin circle.
Probably, all we are faced with here is a crude imitation of a popular coin on the market, the product of ancient counterfeiters. (# 57 V. Shagalov A. Kuznetsov. Catalog... # 137.) Bronze.
The average weight of coins is 4.1-4.7 g.
Diameter 24.4-24.8 mm.
/ Extremely Rare / Original.

 

 

Ch 55. Ruler Nirt VII-VIII centuries. Obverse: Bust-length image of a portrait of the ruler, three-quarters turned to the right, surrounded by a dotted rim.
The ruler has a unique hairstyle; on his head is a decoration like a flat crown, topped in the center with a crescent moon on a stand.
There is a massive hryvnia around the neck.
The image size has been reduced compared to previous versions. Reverse: Tamga surrounded by a Sogdian legend. The legend is read from the inside of the coin circle
pny 'krty c'cynk xw
b
w z/nyrt

- Money made by the Chach ruler Z/Nirt. (# 57 V. Shagalov A. Kuznetsov. Catalog... # 139.) Bronze.
The average weight of coins is 2.7-2.9 g.
Diameter 22.7-23.3 mm.
/ Scarce / Original.

 

 

Ch 125. Ruler Nirt VII-VIII centuries. Obverse: In the center of the coin there is a square hole, around the Sogdian legend:
c'cynk xw
b
w z/nyrt
Reverse: To the left of the square hole is a tamga sign. (A. Kuznetsov.) Bronze.
/ Extremely Rare /

 

 

Ch 56. Ruler Chanurnak.
VII - VIII centuries Obverse: Bust-length image of a portrait of the ruler, three-quarters turned to the right, surrounded by a linear rim.
The ruler has a unique hairstyle; on some specimens one can discern a small wedge-shaped beard; on his head there is a decoration like a flat crown, topped in the center with a crescent, the ends of which extend beyond the boundaries of the linear rim.
There is a massive hryvnia around the neck. Reverse: Tamga surrounded by a Sogdian legend. The legend is read from the outside of the coin circle from right to left, and consists of four words.
pny c'cynk xw
b
w cnwrnk

or
cnw'
b
k

- Money of the Chach ruler Chanurnak or Chanubek. (# 57 V. Shagalov A. Kuznetsov. Catalog... # 142.) Bronze.
The average weight of coins is 1.1-2.1 g.
Diameter 16.9-19.3 mm.
/ Scarce / Original.

 

 

Ch 57. Unknown ruler of the 7th-8th centuries. Obverse: Bust-length image of a portrait of the ruler, three-quarters turned to the right, surrounded by a linear rim.
The image of the ruler is similar to the previous version. Reverse: Tamga surrounded by a Sogdian legend. The legend is read from the outside of the coin circle from right to left, and consists of three words.
pny c'cynk xw
b
w
- Money of the Chach ruler. (# 57 V. Shagalov A. Kuznetsov. Catalog... # 150.) Bronze.
The average weight of coins is 1.9-2.1 g.
Diameter 17.0-19.3 mm.
/ Scarce / Original.

 

 

Ch 58. Unknown ruler of the 7th-8th centuries. Obverse: Bust-length image of the portrait of the ruler, three-quarters turned to the right, surrounded by a linear rim, similar to the previous version. Reverse: Tamga surrounded by a Sogdian legend. Suggested reading of this legend:
pny c'cynk xw
b
w

- Money of the Chach ruler. (# 57 V. Shagalov A. Kuznetsov. Catalog... # 151.) Bronze.
The average weight of coins is 0.8-1.5 g.
Diameter 11.4-16.9 mm.
/ Scarce /

 

 

Ch 59. Ruler Nirt.
VII - VIII centuries Obverse: Bust-length image of a portrait of the ruler, three-quarters turned to the right, surrounded by a dotted rim.
The ruler has a unique form of hairstyle (a similar form of hairstyle is known on the characters of the wall paintings in Balalyk-tepe, which dates back to the 5th-6th centuries).
On the neck is a massive hryvnia with thickenings at both ends.
Headdress in the form of a winged crown.
To the left of the portrait is a sign in the form of a cross. Reverse: Tamga surrounded by a Sogdian legend. The legend is read from the outside of the coin circle from right to left, and supposedly consists of four words.
z/nyrt pny 'krt xw
b
w

- Money made by the ruler Z/Nirt. (# 57 V. Shagalov A. Kuznetsov. Catalog... # 154.) Copper.
The average weight of coins is 2.1-2.2 g.
Diameter 18.6-20.1 mm.
/ Scarce /

 

 

Ch 60. Ruler Nirt.
VII - VIII centuries Obverse: Bust-length image of a portrait of the ruler, three-quarters turned to the right, surrounded by a dotted rim.
The image repeats the previous version. Reverse: Tamga surrounded by a Sogdian legend. The legend is read from the outside of the coin circle from right to left, and presumably consists of four words.
z/nyrt pny 'krt xw
b
w

- Money made by the ruler Z/Nirt. (# 57 V. Shagalov A. Kuznetsov. Catalog... # 156.) Copper.
The average weight of coins is 1.6-1.9 g.
Diameter 17.6-18.3 mm.
/ Scarce /

 

 

Ch 61. Ruler Nirt.
VII - VIII centuries Obverse: Bust-length image of a portrait of the ruler, three-quarters turned to the right, surrounded by a dotted rim. Reverse: Tamga surrounded by a Sogdian legend. The legend is read from the outside of the coin circle from right to left.
The only difference is the absence of one letter in the spelling of the title. (# 57 V. Shagalov A. Kuznetsov. Catalog... # 161.) Copper.
The average weight of coins is 1.7-1.8 g.
Diameter 18.0-19.8 mm.
/ Scarce / Original.

 

 

Ch 62. Ruler Nirt.
VII - VIII centuries Obverse: Bust-length image of a portrait of the ruler, three-quarters turned to the right, surrounded by a dotted rim.
The image repeats the previous options. Reverse: Tamga surrounded by a Sogdian legend. The legend, unlike the previous options, is read from the inside of the coin circle from right to left, and repeats the legend in the previous, third option:
z/ntrt or z/nyrt wnw kwn xw
b
.
(# 57 V. Shagalov A. Kuznetsov. Catalog... # 162.) Copper.
The average weight of coins is 1.9-2.3 g.
Diameter 16.8-19.3 mm.
/ Scarce / Original.

 

 

Ch 63. Ruler Nirt.
VII - VIII centuries Obverse: Portrait of the ruler in a three-quarter turn to the right, surrounded by a dotted rim.
On the neck is a massive hryvnia with thickenings at both ends.
Unlike previous options, there are minor stylistic and artistic changes in the image of the portrait of the ruler, while maintaining the general iconographic scheme of this type of coin. Reverse: Tamga surrounded by a Sogdian legend. The legend is read from the outside of the coin circle from right to left, and with slight abbreviations repeats the legend in the previous, fourth version:
[n/zt]rt or [z/ny]rt or [z/ny]rt wnw kw(n) x[w
b
]

. (# 57 V. Shagalov A. Kuznetsov. Catalog... # 166.) Copper.
The average weight of coins is 1.9-2.2 g.
Diameter 17.8-18.5 mm.
/ Scarce / Original.

 

 

Ch 64. Ruler Nirt.
VII - VIII centuries Obverse: Portrait of the ruler in a three-quarter turn to the left, surrounded by a dotted rim.
On the neck is a massive hryvnia with thickenings at both ends.
Headdress topped with a crescent moon.
There is an earring in the left ear and a swastika on the right. Reverse: Tamga surrounded by a Sogdian legend. The legend is read from the inside of the coin circle and is made in a mirror image.
It repeats the legend in the previous versions:
z/ntrt or z/nyrt wnw kwn xw
b
(# 57 V. Shagalov A. Kuznetsov. Catalog... # 170.) Copper.
The average weight of coins is 1.4-1.5 g.
Diameter 16-16.5 mm.
/Rare/ Original.

 

 

Ch 65. Ruler Nirt.
VII - VIII centuries Obverse: Portrait of the ruler from the front, or three-quarters of a turn to the right, surrounded by a dotted rim.
The image of the portrait is interesting because all known copies of coins of this variant, minted with different stamps, have one common, characteristic detail.
This detail is the image of the ruler’s eyes; on all coins we noted strabismus, or some kind of vision defect.
Probably, this really conveys a defect in the vision of a particular ruler. Reverse: Tamga surrounded by a Sogdian legend. The legend is read from the inside of the coin circle and is printed in a mirror image.
Presumably, with distortions and abbreviations, it repeats the legend of previous versions. (# 57 V. Shagalov A. Kuznetsov. Catalog... # 171.) Copper.
The average weight of coins is 1.3-1.7 g.
Diameter 16.9-17.4 mm.
/ Scarce / Original.

 

 

Ch 66. Ruler Nirt.
VII - VIII centuries Obverse: Portrait of the ruler from the front, or three-quarters turn to the right, surrounded by a dotted rim. Reverse: Tamga surrounded by a Sogdian legend. The legend is read from the inside of the coin circle. (# 57 V. Shagalov A. Kuznetsov. Catalog... # 175.) Copper.
/ Scarce / Original.

 

 

Ch 67. Ruler Nirt.
VII - VIII centuries Obverse: Portrait of the ruler in a three-quarter turn to the left, surrounded by a dotted rim. Reverse: Tamga surrounded by a Sogdian legend. The legend is read from the outside of the coin circle. (# 57 V. Shagalov A. Kuznetsov. Catalog... # 176.) Copper.
The average weight of coins is 0.8 g.
Diameter 14.8 mm.
/ Scarce / Original.

 

 

Group V

 

Ch 68. Unknown ruler of the 7th-8th centuries. Obverse: Bust-length image of two characters, a man and a woman.
Their faces are turned three-quarters of a turn towards each other.
The ruler is depicted on the right, he has a wide, high-cheekboned face, his hair is combed back and tied with a ribbon, and he has massive, spherical or teardrop-shaped earrings in his ears.
On some examples, the ruler has a wide collar and lapels of his caftan.
The ruler is depicted on the left, she has a wide face, on her head is a peculiar, high, head-shaped headdress bent forward, it is also possible that this is a hairstyle in the form of hair raised high, tied with a ribbon, and uniquely styled.
The ears have massive, drop-shaped, or large ball-shaped earrings.
On some examples, the ruler has a wide collar and lapels of a caftan or robe.
Rim of large dots. Reverse: Tamga surrounded by a Sogdian legend.
The rim on coins of this variant is either absent, or on some copies it is made in the form of large dots. The legend is read from the outside of the coin circle from right to left, and consists of three words
bg
y twwn
g
'
g
'n
(# 57 V. Shagalov A. Kuznetsov. Catalog... # 177.) Bronze.
The average weight of coins is 1.9 g.
Diameter 19.3 mm.
/ Scarce / Original.

 

 

Ch 69. Unknown ruler of the 7th - 8th centuries. Obverse: Bust-length image of two characters, a man and a woman.
The image of the rulers in mirror image repeats the previous version, i.e.
the ruler is depicted here on the left, and the ruler in a peculiar headdress on the right.
Rim of large dots. Reverse: Tamga surrounded by a Sogdian legend.
The legend has not yet been restored, but perhaps it repeats the legend of the previous version.
The rim is made in the form of large dots; on some copies it is missing. (# 57 V. Shagalov A. Kuznetsov. Catalog... # 183.) Bronze.
The average weight of coins is 2.4 g.
Diameter 19.5 mm.
/ Scarce / Original.

 

 

Ch 70. Unknown ruler of the 7th-8th centuries. Obverse: Bust-length image of two characters, a man and a woman. Reverse: Tamga surrounded by a Sogdian legend.
In the center of the tamga, or slightly higher, there is a sign in the form of a cross.
The legend has not yet been restored, but perhaps it repeats the legend of the first version.
The rim is made in the form of large dots; on some copies it is missing. (# 57 V. Shagalov A. Kuznetsov. Catalog... # 186.) Bronze.
The average weight of coins is 1.7 g.
Diameter 20.9 mm.
/Rare/

 

 

Ch 71. Unknown ruler of the 7th-8th centuries. Obverse: Bust-length image of two characters, a man and a woman.
The rim is dotted. Reverse: Tamga surrounded by a Sogdian legend.
The tamga is similar to the previous versions; the difference lies in the presence of an indefinite tamga-like sign on the right side of the tamga. (# 57 V. Shagalov A. Kuznetsov. Catalog... # 189.) Bronze.
The average weight of coins is 1.8 g.
Diameter 20 mm.
/ Extremely Rare / Original.

 

 

Ch 72. Unknown ruler of the 7th-8th centuries. Obverse: Bust-length image of two characters, a man and a woman.
The rim is dotted. Reverse: Tamga surrounded by a Sogdian legend.
The tamga is similar to the previous versions; the difference lies in the presence of an indefinite tamga-like sign on the left side of the tamga. (# 57 V. Shagalov A. Kuznetsov. Catalog... # 189.) Bronze.
/ Extremely Rare / Original.

 

 

Ch 73. Unknown ruler of the 7th-8th centuries. Obverse: Bust-length image of two characters, a man and a woman.
The rim is dotted. Reverse: On the coins of this variant, inside the tamga there is a symbol in the shape of a flower or a plant branch. (# 57 V. Shagalov A. Kuznetsov. Catalog... # 190.) Bronze.
The average weight of coins is 2.3 g.
Diameter 20.7 mm.
/ Extremely Rare / Original.

 

 

Ch 74. Unknown ruler of the 7th-8th centuries. Obverse: Bust-length image of two characters, a man and a woman.
The rim is dotted. Reverse: Tamga (Fig. 5 No. 2) surrounded by a Sogdian legend. Metrological data and image size of coins of this variant are significantly reduced in relation to other variants of coins of this group. (# 57 V. Shagalov A. Kuznetsov. Catalog... # 191.) Bronze.
/Rare/ Original.

 

 

Group VI

 

Ch 75. Ruler Khvanurk.
VII-VIII centuries Obverse: Portrait of the ruler three-quarters of a turn to the right, surrounded by a dotted rim.
The ruler has a Mongoloid type of face, a small mustache, massive earrings in his ears, and a tight-fitting headdress with a small lapel on his head.
On the right in front of the face there is a sign in the form of a cross. Reverse: Tamga surrounded by a Sogdian legend. The legend is read from the inside of the coin circle from right to left, and consists of three words.
xwnyrk c'cynk xw
b
w
- Khvanurk (Khvnurk) Chach ruler. (# 57 V. Shagalov A. Kuznetsov. Catalog... # 192.) Bronze.
The average weight of coins is 1.6-2.8 g.
Diameter 18.2-20.9 mm.
/Rare/ Original.

 

 

Ch 76. Ruler Nirtanak.
VII - VIII centuries Obverse: Portrait of the ruler three-quarters of a turn to the right, surrounded by a dotted rim.
The ruler has a wide-cheeked face of the Mongoloid type, a small mustache, massive earrings in his ears, and a tight-fitting headdress with a crescent-shaped pommel on his head.
On the right in front of the face is a swastika sign. Reverse: Tamga surrounded by a Sogdian legend. The legend is read from the inside of the coin circle from right to left, and consists of three words.
z/nyrtnk c'cynk xw
b
w

- Nirtnk (Zirtnk) Chach ruler.
It is possible to pronounce the name of the ruler as Nirtanak or Zirtanak. (# 57 V. Shagalov A. Kuznetsov. Catalog... # 201.) Bronze.
The average weight of coins is 1.9-2.2 g.
Diameter 18.5-20 mm.
/Common/ Original.

 

 

Ch 77. Ruler Nirtanak.
VII - VIII centuries Coins of reduced weight and smaller size, the stamp or matrix used for their production are also smaller in size than the previous version. Obverse: Portrait of the ruler three-quarters of a turn to the right, surrounded by a dotted rim.
The ruler has a wide-cheeked face of the Mongoloid type, a small mustache, massive earrings in his ears, and a tight-fitting headdress with a crescent-shaped pommel on his head.
On the right in front of the face is a swastika sign. Reverse: Tamga surrounded by a Sogdian legend. (# 57 V. Shagalov A. Kuznetsov. Catalog... # 206.) Bronze.
The average weight of coins is 1-1.2 g.
Diameter 15.3-15.7 mm.
/Rare/ Original.

 

 

Ch 78. Tudun Satachari.
VII-VIII centuries Obverse: Portrait of the ruler three-quarters of a turn to the right, surrounded by a dotted rim.
A characteristic distinctive feature in the portrait of the ruler is his headdress - the tiara.
The high-raised trapezoidal headdress is divided by intersecting lines into segments, in the center of which a dot apparently conveys the image of precious stones and pearls.
To the right of the ruler’s face, above the shoulder, there is a star; on some copies there is a sign in the form of a cross. Reverse: Tamga surrounded by a Sogdian legend. The legend is read from the inside of the coin circle from right to left, and consists of four words.
stcry t
d
wn c'cynk xw
b
- Satachari tudun Chach ruler. (# 57 V. Shagalov A. Kuznetsov. Catalog... # 207.) Bronze.
The average weight of coins is 2.0-2.8 g.
Diameter 19.1-19.8 mm.
/ Scarce / Original.

 

 

Ch 79. Tudun Satachari.
VII-VIII centuries Obverse: Portrait of the ruler three-quarters of a turn to the left, surrounded by a dotted rim. Reverse: Tamga surrounded by a Sogdian legend. Unpublished. Bronze.
/ Extremely Rare / Original.

 

 

Ch 80. Tudun Satachari.
VII-VIII centuries Obverse: Portrait of the ruler three-quarters of a turn to the right, surrounded by a dotted rim.
In general terms, the image repeats the previous version, the difference lies in a more simplified, schematized rendering of details in the image of the portrait of the ruler and his headdress.
Most copies of this variant lack the image of a star or cross to the right of the ruler's face.
The image size is slightly reduced compared to the previous version. Reverse: Tamga surrounded by a Sogdian legend. The legend is read from the inside of the coin circle, and is made in a mirror image.
The legend on the coins of this variant is greatly distorted to an almost unreadable state. (# 57 V. Shagalov A. Kuznetsov. Catalog... # 213.) Bronze.
The average weight of coins is 1-1.2 g.
Diameter 16.5-17.5 mm.
/ Scarce / Original.

 

 

Ch 81. Tudun Satachari.
VII-VIII centuries Obverse: Portrait of the ruler three-quarters of a turn to the right, surrounded by a dotted rim. Reverse: Tamga surrounded by a Sogdian legend. The legend is read from the inside of the coin circle, and is made in a mirror image.
The legend on the coins of this variant is distorted to an almost unreadable state. The coins of this variant have a smaller weight and diameter compared to the previous variant. (# 57 V. Shagalov A. Kuznetsov. Catalog... # 216.) Bronze.
/Rare/ Original.

 

 

Ch 82. Unknown ruler of the 7th-8th centuries. Obverse: Portrait of the ruler three-quarters of a turn to the right, surrounded by a ribbon rim.
The ruler has a unique headdress, massive earrings in his ears, and an image of a sign in the form of a cross in front of his face on the right. Reverse: Tamga surrounded by a Sogdian legend. The legend is read from the inside of the coin circle, and is made in a mirror image.
t
d
wn xw
b
c'cynk

- tudun Chach ruler. (# 57 V. Shagalov A. Kuznetsov. Catalog... # 220.) Bronze.
The average weight of coins is 1.4-2.6 g.
Diameter 15.3-20.4 mm.
/ Scarce / Original.

 

 

Ch 83. Unknown ruler of the 7th-8th centuries. Obverse: Portrait of the ruler three-quarters of a turn to the right, surrounded by a ribbon rim.
The ruler has a unique headdress, massive earrings in his ears, and an image of a sign in the form of a cross in front of his face on the right. Reverse: Tamga surrounded by a Sogdian legend. The legend is read from the inside of the coin circle, and is made in a mirror image.
t
d
wn xw
b
c'cynk

- tudun Chach ruler. The difference between the options lies in the following details: in the first option, the legend is completely made on the inside of the coin circle.
In this variant, the word
t
d
wn

is made on the outside of the coin circle, the rest of the legend is on the inside. (# 57 V. Shagalov A. Kuznetsov. Catalog... # 221.) Bronze.
The average weight of coins is 1.4-2.6 g.
Diameter 15.3-20.4 mm.
/Rare/

 

 

Ch 84. Unknown ruler of the 7th-8th centuries. Obverse: Portrait of the ruler three-quarters of a turn to the right, surrounded by a ribbon rim.
The ruler has a unique headdress, massive earrings in his ears, and an image of a sign in the form of a dot in front of his face on the right. Reverse: Tamga surrounded by a Sogdian legend. The legend is read from the inside of the coin circle, and is made in a mirror image.
t
d
wn xw
b
c'cynk

- tudun Chach ruler. Coins of this variant do not have a clear image of a cross on the right in front of the ruler’s face; it is replaced by a sign in the form of a dot.
The portrait is extremely crude and sketchy. (# 57 V. Shagalov A. Kuznetsov. Catalog... # 224.) Bronze.
The average weight of coins is 1.4-2.6 g.
Diameter 15.3-20.4 mm.
/ Very Rare /

 

 

Ch 85. Ruler of Sathar.
VII-VIII centuries Obverse: Portrait of the ruler three-quarters of a turn to the left, surrounded by a dotted rim.
A characteristic distinctive feature in the image of the portrait of the ruler is his headdress like a pointed cap, the ruler’s ears have massive earrings, and behind the head on the right there is an incomprehensible sign, vaguely reminiscent of an anchor-shaped tamga on some specimens.
It is also possible that this is a one-word legend. Reverse: Tamga surrounded by a Sogdian legend, above the tamga there is an image of a sign in the form of a swastika. The legend is read at the top, from the inside, at the bottom from the outside of the coin circle from right to left, and consists of two words.
xw
b
w st'r

or
stcr
- Ruler of Sathar or Satachar. (# 57 V. Shagalov A. Kuznetsov. Catalog... # 225.) Bronze.
The average weight of coins is 1.7-1.9 g.
Diameter 17.7-18 mm.
/ Scarce / Original.

 

 

Ch 86. Ruler of Sathar.
VII-VIII centuries Obverse: Portrait of the ruler three-quarters of a turn to the left, surrounded by a dotted rim.
A characteristic distinctive feature in the image of the portrait of the ruler is his headdress like a pointed cap, the ruler’s ears have massive earrings, and behind the head on the right there is an incomprehensible sign, vaguely reminiscent of an anchor-shaped tamga on some specimens.
It is also possible that this is a one-word legend. Reverse: Tamga surrounded by a Sogdian legend, above the tamga there is an image of a sign in the form of a cross. The legend is read at the top, from the inside, at the bottom from the outside of the coin circle from right to left, and consists of two words. (# 57 V. Shagalov A. Kuznetsov. Catalog... # 228.) Bronze.
The average weight of coins is 1.7-1.9 g.
Diameter 17.7-18 mm.
/ Very Rare /

 

 

Ch 87. Ruler of Sathar.
VII-VIII centuries Obverse: Portrait of the ruler three-quarters of a turn to the left, surrounded by a dotted rim. Reverse: Tamga surrounded by a Sogdian legend. (# 57 V. Shagalov A. Kuznetsov. Catalog... # 230.) Bronze.
/Rare/ Original.

 

 

Ch 122. Ruler Sachak.
VII-VIII centuries Obverse: An image of a predatory animal, possibly a lion or leopard, walking to the left with its right paw raised, surrounded by a dotted rim.
It is possible that the predator depicted on the coin was a family sign of the dynasty, or a symbol of the city or fief. Reverse: Tamga surrounded by a Sogdian legend. The legend consists of three words
xw
b
w
prn st/wck

Farn-possessing ruler Soch(a)k or St(a)ch(a)k. (Unpublished) / Extremely Rare /

 

 

Ch 88. Ruler Sachak.
VII-VIII centuries Obverse: An image of a predatory animal, possibly a lion or leopard, walking to the left with its right paw raised, surrounded by a dotted rim.
Behind the predator’s back is a semi-cursive Sogdian inscription consisting of one word
xw
b
w

- “ruler”.
It is possible that the predator depicted on the coin was a family sign of the dynasty, or a symbol of the city or fief. Reverse: Tamga surrounded by a Sogdian legend. The legend consists of three words
xw
b
w
prn st/wck

Farn-possessing ruler Soch(a)k or St(a)ch(a)k. (# 57 V. Shagalov A. Kuznetsov. Catalog... # 231.) Bronze.
The average weight of coins is 1.7-2.4 g.
Diameter 19.2-20.7 mm.
/ Scarce / Original.

 

 

Ch 89. Ruler Sachak.
VII-VIII centuries Obverse: An image of a predatory animal, possibly a lion or leopard, walking to the left with its right paw raised, surrounded by a dotted rim. Reverse: Tamga surrounded by a Sogdian legend. (# 57 V. Shagalov A. Kuznetsov. Catalog... # 234.) Bronze.
The average weight of coins is 1.7-2.4 g.
Diameter 19.2-20.7 mm.
/Rare/ Original.

 

 

Ch 90. Ruler Sachak.
VII-VIII centuries Obverse: An image of a predatory animal, possibly a lion or leopard, walking to the right with its left paw raised, surrounded by a dotted rim. (# 57 V. Shagalov A. Kuznetsov. Catalog... # 235.) Bronze.
The average weight of coins is 1.7-2.4 g.
Diameter 19.2-20.7 mm.
/ Extremely Rare / Original.

 

 

Ch 91. Ruler Sachak.
VII-VIII centuries Obverse: An image of a predatory animal, possibly a lion or leopard, walking to the right with its left paw raised, surrounded by a dotted rim. Reverse: Tamga surrounded by a Sogdian legend. This version of the coin differs from the previous one in that the legend on the fol.
Art.
side, behind the back of the predator, is located not on the outside, but on the inside of the coin circle. (# 57 V. Shagalov A. Kuznetsov. Catalog... # 236.) Bronze.
The average weight of coins is 1.7-2.4 g.
Diameter 19.2-20.7 mm.
/ Extremely Rare / Original.

 

 

Ch 92. Ruler Sachak.
VII-VIII centuries Obverse: An image of a predatory animal, possibly a lion or leopard, walking to the left with its right paw raised, surrounded by a dotted rim. Reverse: Tamga surrounded by a Sogdian legend. The difference from previous types is that instead of the word
prn
there is a swastika sign. Unpublished. Bronze.
/ Extremely Rare /

 

 

Ch 93. Ruler Sachak.
VII-VIII centuries Obverse: An image of a predatory animal, possibly a lion or leopard, walking to the left with its right paw raised, surrounded by a dotted rim.
It is possible that the predator depicted on the coin was a family sign of the dynasty, or a symbol of the city or fief. Reverse: Tamga surrounded by a Sogdian legend.
On the right is a swastika. The legend is read partly from the inside and partly from the outside of the coin circle, from right to left, and consists of two words.
xwxw
b
ww st/wck

- ruler of Soch(a)k or St(a)ch(a)k. (# 57 V. Shagalov A. Kuznetsov. Catalog... # 237.) Bronze.
The average weight of coins is 0.7-1.3 g.
Diameter 13.3-14.4 mm.
/ Scarce / Original.

 

 

Ch 94. Ruler Sachak.
VII-VIII centuries Obverse: An image of a predatory animal, possibly a lion or leopard, walking to the left with its right paw raised, surrounded by a dotted rim.
It is possible that the predator depicted on the coin was a family sign of the dynasty, or a symbol of the city or fief. Reverse: Tamga surrounded by a Sogdian legend.
On the right is a swastika. The legend is read partly from the inside and partly from the outside of the coin circle, from right to left, and consists of two words.
xwxw
b
ww st/wck

- ruler of Soch(a)k or St(a)ch(a)k. The difference between the variants of coins of this type lies in the following details: the first variant differs from the second in the location of the legend on the coin circle. (# 57 V. Shagalov A. Kuznetsov. Catalog... # 242.) Bronze.
The average weight of coins is 0.7-1.3 g.
Diameter 13.3-14.4 mm.
/ Scarce / Original.

 

 

Ch 95. Ruler Tarnavch.
VII-VIII centuries The image of a predatory animal, possibly a leopard, walking to the right surrounded by a linear rim.
The curling tail is raised above the back.
It is possible that the predator depicted on the coin was a family sign of the dynasty, or a symbol of the city or fief. Reverse: Tamga surrounded by a Sogdian legend.
The rim is linear. The legend consists of two words and is printed at the top on the inside and at the bottom on the outside of the coin circle.
xw
b
w trn
b
c

- ruler of Tarnavch. (# 57 V. Shagalov A. Kuznetsov. Catalog... # 243.) Bronze.
The average weight of coins is 2.4-2.5 g.
Diameter 17.8-20.5 mm.
/Common/ Original.

 

 

Ch 96. Ruler Tarnavch.
VII-VIII centuries The image of a predatory animal, possibly a leopard, standing on the line. Reverse: Tamga surrounded by a Sogdian legend.
The rim is linear. The legend consists of two words and is printed at the top on the inside and at the bottom on the outside of the coin circle.
xw
b
w trn
b
c

- ruler of Tarnavch. (# 57 V.Shagalov A.Kuznetsov. Catalog...) Bronze.
/ Extremely Rare / Original.

 

 

Ch 97. Ruler Tarnavch.
VII-VIII centuries Obverse: Image of a predatory animal walking to the right, surrounded by a linear rim.
The curling tail is raised above the back. Reverse: Tamga surrounded by a Sogdian legend. The legend consists of two words and is printed at the top on the inside and at the bottom on the outside of the coin circle.
xw
b
w trn
b
c

- ruler of Tarnavch. The differences between the previous option are as follows: 1. The coins of this option have less weight. 2. The image of the predator is made more roughly, schematically. 3. On the reverse side, the images of the legend and tamga are fuzzy, blurry, and the relief is low. (# 57 V. Shagalov A. Kuznetsov. Catalog... # 246.) Bronze.
The average weight of coins is 1.6-2.2 g.
Diameter 17.4-17-6 mm.
/ Scarce / Original.

 

 

Ch 98. Unknown ruler.
VII-VIII centuries Obverse: Image of a predatory animal walking to the right, surrounded by a linear rim.
The curling tail is raised above the back. Reverse: Tamga surrounded by a dotted rim. (# 57 V. Shagalov A. Kuznetsov. Catalog... # 249.) Bronze.
The average weight of coins is 1.8-2.4 g.
Diameter 16-17.7 mm.
/ Very Rare / Original.

 

 

Ch 99. Unknown ruler.
VII-VIII centuries Obverse: Image of a predatory animal walking to the right, surrounded by a linear rim.
The curling tail is raised above the back.
The image of the predator, unlike previous versions, is made in high relief. Reverse: Smooth, no differences. (# 57 V. Shagalov A. Kuznetsov. Catalog... # 249.) Bronze.
The average weight of coins is 1.9-2.1 g.
Diameter 16.4-16.8 mm.
/Rare/ Original.

 

 

Ch 100. Unknown ruler of the 7th-8th centuries. Obverse: An image of a predatory animal, possibly a lion or leopard, walking to the right surrounded by a dotted rim.
The curling tail is raised above the back. Reverse: Tamga surrounded by a Sogdian legend. The legend supposedly consists of two words and is made in a mirror image.
c'cynk xw
b

- Chach ruler. (# 57 V. Shagalov A. Kuznetsov. Catalog... # 255.) Bronze.
The average weight of coins is 1-1.6 g.
Diameter 16.2-18 mm.
/ Scarce / Original.

 

 

Ch 101. Unknown ruler of the 7th-8th centuries. Obverse: An image of a predatory animal, possibly a lion or leopard, walking to the right, surrounded by a dotted rim.
The wriggling tail is raised above the back of the predator. Reverse: Tamga surrounded by a Sogdian legend. The legend is read from the inside of the coin circle from right to left, and consists of two words.
The legend has been preserved in fragments; it probably repeats the legend of the previous version. (# 57 V. Shagalov A. Kuznetsov. Catalog... # 259.) Bronze.
The average weight of coins is 1-1.6 g.
Diameter 16.2-18 mm.
/ Scarce /

 

 

Ch 102. Unknown ruler of the 7th-8th centuries. Obverse: An image of a predatory animal, possibly a lion or leopard, walking to the left, surrounded by a dotted rim.
The wriggling tail is raised above the back of the predator. Reverse: Tamga surrounded by a Sogdian legend. The legend is read from the inside of the coin circle from right to left, and consists of two words.
The legend has been preserved in fragments; it probably repeats the legend of the previous version. (# 57 V. Shagalov A. Kuznetsov. Catalog... # 260.) Bronze.
The average weight of coins is 1-1.6 g.
Diameter 16.2-18 mm.
/ Extremely Rare / Original.

 

 

Ch 103. Unknown ruler of the 7th-8th centuries. Obverse: An image of a predatory animal, possibly a lion or leopard, walking to the right, surrounded by a dotted rim.
The wriggling tail is raised above the back of the predator. Reverse: Tamga surrounded by a Sogdian legend. The coins of this variant show a gradual decrease in the weight and size of the coin type.
We were unable to make out the legend on them, but presumably it is made in a mirror image. (# 57 V. Shagalov A. Kuznetsov. Catalog... # 262.) Bronze.
The average weight of coins is 0.5-0.9 g.
Diameter 10.7-14.3 mm.
/ Scarce /

 

 

Ch 104. Ruler Nirtanak.
VII-VIII centuries Obverse: Portrait of the ruler three-quarters of a turn to the right, surrounded by a linear rim.
The ruler has a Mongoloid type of face, a small mustache, and massive earrings in his ears.
On the head is a peculiar headdress in the form of a crown with a winged crown, topped with a crescent.
On the right in front of the face is an incomprehensible object resembling a branch of some plant. Reverse: Tamga surrounded by a Sogdian legend. The legend is read from the inside of the coin circle from right to left, and presumably consists of three words.
z/nyrtnk c'cynk xw
b
w

- Nirtanak (Zirtanak) Chach ruler. (# 57 V. Shagalov A. Kuznetsov. Catalog... # 263.) Bronze.
The average weight of coins is 1.4 g.
Diameter 16 mm.
/ Very Rare / Original.

 

 

Ch 105. Unknown ruler of the 7th-8th centuries. Portrait of the ruler, three-quarters of a turn to the right, surrounded by a linear rim.
The ruler has a Mongoloid type of face, a small mustache, and massive earrings in his ears.
On the head is a peculiar headdress in the form of a crown with a winged crown, topped with a crescent. Reverse: Tamga surrounded by a Sogdian legend. The legend is read from the inside of the coin circle from right to left and consists of two, in some cases supposedly three words.
c'cynk xw
b
w

- Chach ruler. (# 57 V. Shagalov A. Kuznetsov. Catalog... # 266.) Bronze.
The average weight of coins is 1.1-1.2 g.
Diameter 14.6-14.9 mm.
/Rare/ Original.

 

 

Ch 106. Unknown ruler of the 7th-8th centuries. Obverse: Portrait of the ruler, three-quarters of a turn to the right, surrounded by a linear rim.
The ruler has a Mongoloid type of face, a small mustache, and massive earrings in his ears.
On the head is a peculiar headdress in the form of a crown with a winged crown, topped with a crescent.
On the right in front of the face there is a sign in the form of a cross.
The image on the coins of this version is made in higher relief, and is more expressive artistically than on previous versions. Reverse: Tamga surrounded by a Sogdian legend. The legend on known coins of this variant usually does not appear on the coin circle.
It is probably similar to the previous option. (# 57 V. Shagalov A. Kuznetsov. Catalog... # 270.) Bronze.
The average weight of coins is 0.6-0.9 g.
Diameter 14.1-14.8 mm.
/Rare/ Original.

 

 

Ch 107. Unknown ruler of the 7th-8th centuries. Obverse: Portrait of the ruler three-quarters of a turn to the right, surrounded by a linear rim.
The ruler has a Mongoloid type of face, massive earrings in his ears, and a tight-fitting headdress with a curved top on his head.
On the right in front of the face is a poorly visible sign, possibly a cross. Reverse: Tamga surrounded by a Sogdian legend. The legend is read from the inside of the coin circle from right to left, and consists of two, possibly three words.
c['cy]nk xw
b
(# 57 V. Shagalov A. Kuznetsov. Catalog... # 274.) Bronze.
The average weight of coins is 0.8-1.2 g.
Diameter 12.1-15.5 mm.
/ Scarce / Original.

 

 

Ch 108. Unknown ruler of the 7th-8th centuries. Obverse: Portrait of the ruler three-quarters of a turn to the left, surrounded by a dotted rim.
The ruler has a Mongoloid face type and massive earrings in his ears.
On the head is a unique headdress in the form of a crown topped with three crescents.
On the left in front of the face there is a sign in the form of a cross. Reverse: Tamga surrounded by a Sogdian legend. The legend is read from the inside of the coin circle, consists of two, possibly three words and is presumably made in a mirror image.
xw
b
c'cynk

- Chach ruler. (# 57 V. Shagalov A. Kuznetsov. Catalog... # 278.) Bronze.
The average weight of coins is 0.9 g.
Diameter 14.4 mm.
/ Very Rare /

 

 

Ch 109. Unknown ruler of the 7th-8th centuries. Obverse: Portrait of the ruler from the front or three-quarters of a turn to the right, surrounded by a linear rim.
The ruler has a Mongoloid type of face, a small mustache, massive earrings in his ears, and a tight-fitting headdress on his head. Reverse: Tamga surrounded by a Sogdian legend. (# 57 V. Shagalov A. Kuznetsov. Catalog... # 282.) Bronze.
The average weight of coins is 0.5-0.7 g.
Diameter 11.7-13.2 mm.
/Rare/ Original.

 

 

Ch 110. Unknown ruler of the 7th-8th centuries. Obverse: Sogdian legend in three lines, presumably consisting of four words.
The last third line rounds to the left and ends above the first line. Reverse: Tamga surrounded by a Sogdian legend. The legend consists of four words on the obverse (the legend is read from the inside of the coin circle), and two words on the reverse side of the coins. L. Art.
first two lines:
xw
b
t
d
wn

- tudun ruler.
The third line from the bottom and on the left edge of the coin circle:
knwn
bg
'nwt

- (support) of the divine law. About.
Art.
bg
y prn - the owner of divine grace. (# 57 V. Shagalov A. Kuznetsov. Catalog... # 285.) Bronze.
The average weight of coins is 0.8-1.6 g.
Diameter 14.5-17.2 mm.
/Rare/ Original.

 

 

Ch 111. Unknown ruler of the 7th-8th centuries. Obverse: The legend is read from the outside of the coin circle. Reverse: Tamga surrounded by a Sogdian legend. (# 57 V. Shagalov A. Kuznetsov. Catalog... # 293.) Bronze.
The average weight of coins is 0.8-1.6 g.
Diameter 14.5-17.2 mm.
/Rare/ Original.

 

 

Ch 112. Unknown ruler of the 7th-8th centuries. Obverse: Tamga.
There are no inscriptions or rim. Reverse: Smooth, no differences. (# 57 V. Shagalov A. Kuznetsov. Catalog... # 297.) Bronze.
The average weight of coins is 1.1-1.3 g.
Diameter 10.8-11.2 mm.
/ Very Rare / Original.

 

 

Group VII

 

Ch 113. Unknown ruler of the 7th-8th centuries. Obverse: Portrait of the ruler three-quarters of a turn to the left, surrounded by a dotted rim.
On the head of the ruler there is a decoration with a pommel in the form of three crescents, and massive earrings in his ears. Reverse: Tamga surrounded by a Sogdian legend. The legend is read from the inside of the coin circle from right to left, and appears on the coin circle in fragments.
…..
bg
y
g
'
g
'n - ……..divine?
Kagan. (# 57 V. Shagalov A. Kuznetsov. Catalog... # 303.) Bronze.
The average weight of coins is 0.8-1.1 g.
Diameter 13.3-14.2 mm.
/ Very Rare / Original.

 

 

Ch 114. Unknown ruler of the 7th-8th centuries. Obverse: Portrait of the ruler three-quarters of a turn to the right, surrounded by a dotted rim.
On the head of the ruler there is a decoration with a pommel in the form of three crescents, and massive earrings in his ears. Reverse: Tamga surrounded by a Sogdian legend. The legend is read from the inside of the coin circle from right to left, and appears on the coin circle in fragments.
Presumably it repeats the legend of the previous version. (# 57 V. Shagalov A. Kuznetsov. Catalog... # 306.) Bronze.
The average weight of coins is 0.8-1.1 g.
Diameter 13.3-14.2 mm.
/ Very Rare / Original.

 

 

Ch 115. Unknown ruler of the 7th-8th centuries. Obverse: Portrait of the ruler three-quarters of a turn to the right, surrounded by a dotted rim.
The ruler has a bashlyk-shaped headdress on his head. Reverse: Tamga surrounded by a Sogdian legend. The legend is read from the inside of the coin circle from right to left, and appears on the coin circle in fragments.
Presumably it repeats the legend of the previous version. (# 57 V. Shagalov A. Kuznetsov. Catalog... # 309.) Bronze.
The average weight of coins is 0.8-0.9 g.
Diameter 11.8-12.5 mm.
/Rare/ Original.

 

 

Ch 116. Unknown ruler of the 7th-8th centuries. Obverse: Portrait of the ruler three-quarters of a turn to the left surrounded by a dotted rim.
The ruler has a bashlyk-shaped headdress on his head. Reverse: Tamga surrounded by a Sogdian legend. The legend is read from the inside of the coin circle from right to left, and appears on the coin circle in fragments.
Presumably it repeats the legend of the previous version. (# 57 V. Shagalov A. Kuznetsov. Catalog... # 311.) Bronze.
The average weight of coins is 0.8-0.9 g.
Diameter 11.8-12.5 mm.
/Rare/ Original.

 

 

Group VIII

 

Ch 117. Unknown ruler of the 7th-8th centuries. Obverse: An image of a Bactrian camel walking to the left surrounded by a dotted rim. Reverse: In the center of the coin there is a diamond-shaped tamga surrounded by a Sogdian legend. The legend is read from the outside of the coin circle from right to left, and consists of three, less often two, words.
pny
bg
y
g
'
g
'n

- Money (coin) of the divine kagan. (# 57 V. Shagalov A. Kuznetsov. Catalog... # 312.) Bronze.
The average weight of coins is 0.9-1.6 g.
Diameter 15-18.5 mm.
/Rare/ Original.

 

 

Ch 123. Unknown ruler of the 7th-8th centuries. Obverse: An image of a Bactrian camel walking to the right, surrounded by a dotted rim. Reverse: In the center of the coin there is a diamond-shaped tamga surrounded by a Sogdian legend. The legend is read from the outside of the coin circle from right to left, and consists of three, less often two, words.
pny
bg
y
g
'
g
'n

- Money (coin) of the divine kagan. (Unpublished) Bronze.
The average weight of coins is 0.9-1.6 g.
Diameter 15-18.5 mm.
/ Extremely Rare /

 

 

Ch 124. Unknown ruler of the 7th-8th centuries. Obverse: An image of a Bactrian camel walking to the left surrounded by a dotted rim. Reverse: In the center of the coin there is a diamond-shaped tamga surrounded by a Sogdian legend. Unpublished legend type. (Unpublished) Bronze.
The average weight of coins is 0.9-1.6 g.
Diameter 15-18.5 mm.
/ Extremely Rare /

 

 

Group IX

 

Ch 118. Tardu Kagan.
VIII century Obverse: In the center is a Sogdian legend, consisting of one word surrounded by a dotted rim. Reverse: In the center of the coin is an image of an anchor-shaped tamga, on the right is a Sogdian legend consisting of one word. The legend consists of one word on each side. L.st.
g
'
g
'n

- kagan. Ob.st
tr
d
w

- Tardu. (# 57 V. Shagalov A. Kuznetsov. Catalog... # 312.) Bronze.
The average weight of coins is 1.3-1.7 g.
Diameter 14.8-15.5 mm.
/Rare/ Original.

 

 

Ch 126. Er-tegin.
VIII century Obverse: There is a Sogdian legend around the square hole. Reverse: Above the square hole is a Sogdian legend from one short word. (E. Rtveladze /??) Bronze.
/Very Rare/

 

 

Otrar

Ch 119. The city of Otrar. Obverse: Image of a predator (lion) to the right, under the paws there is a line conditionally conveying the earth. Reverse: Monogram of two runic signs "n + ush".
Around the Sogdian legend in two rows. (# 41 O.I. Smirnova, Union catalog..., # 1578) Bronze.
D-21 mm.
Weight 2.2 grams.
/ Extremely Rare /

 

 

Ch 120. The city of Otrar. Obverse: Image of a predator (lion) to the right, under the paws there is a line conditionally conveying the earth. Reverse: Tamga of the Turgeshes. (# 41 O.I. Smirnova, Union catalog..., # 1580) Bronze.
D-18 mm.
Weight 1.8 grams.
/ Very Rare /